最好的 PHP, HTML5 和 CSS 框架综述
1. Cake PHP
CakePHP is a rapid development framework for PHP that offers a flexible architecture for development, maintenance and deployment of applications. It uses the usual design patterns like MVC and ORM within the convention over configuration paradigm that helps lower development expenses and does not need the developers to write a lot of code.
Just like ZF, CakePHP does not require configuration. It is very simple to use. The company has a user friendly community called #cakephp on IRC that helps new users to begin. It is distributed under the MIT License and promises Best Practices like security, authentication and session handling. It has an object-oriented approach to keep you at ease.
2. Yii Framework
Yii is a free, open-source Web application development framework written in PHP5 that promotes clean, DRY design and encourages rapid development. It works to streamline your application development and helps to ensure an extremely efficient, extensible, and maintainable end product. Being extremely performance optimized, Yii is a perfect choice for any sized project. However, it has been built with sophisticated, enterprise applications in mind. You have full control over the configuration from head-to-toe (presentation-to-persistence) to conform to your enterprise development guidelines.
Zend Framework 2 is an open source framework for developing web applications and services using PHP 5.3+. Zend Framework 2 uses 100% object-oriented code and utilises most of the new features of PHP 5.3, namely namespaces, late static binding, lambda functions and closures. Zend Framework 2 evolved from Zend Framework 1, a successful PHP framework with over 15 million downloads.
The component structure of Zend Framework 2 is unique; each component is designed with few dependencies on other components. ZF2 follows the SOLID object oriented design principle. This loosely coupled architecture allows developers to use whichever components they want.
Symfony is a web application framework; symfony follows the model-view-controller (MVC) system and getting more popular day by day. Symfony is a free framework under the MIT license, Symfony has made development easy with the help of library which comprises of many PHP code classes.
Webasyst is an open source PHP framework for developing sleek multi-user web apps, and complex websites. Comparing to other frameworks such as Zend and Symfony, Webasyst framework stays more focused and allows building apps for business and team usage more quickly and efficiently. The framework offers lots of ready-to-use tool for user management and authorization, UI building, mobile-ready access, etc.
Laravel is a PHP framework committed to elegance and simplicity. Programming doesn’t have to be painful. In fact, it can be enjoyable with the right tools. Laravel is for all PHP programmers, even beginners. In fact, Laravel’s documentation makes Laravel a great choice for both beginning and advanced PHP programmers. In addition to the documentation, Laravel’s friendly community is always willing to help answer questions that aren’t covered in the documentation. Bundles are a great way to package and share Laravel code.
Guzzle takes the pain out of sending HTTP requests and the redundancy out of creating web service clients. It’s a framework that includes the tools needed to create a robust web service client, including: Service descriptions for defining the inputs and outputs of an API, resource iterators for traversing paginated resources, batching for sending a large number of requests as efficiently as possible.
9. Phalcon PHP
Phalcon PHP is a web framework delivered as a C extension providing high performance and lower resource consumption. Phalcon PHP is written in C with platform independence in mind. As a result, Phalcon PHP is available on Microsoft Windows, GNU/Linux, Mac OS X, You can either download a binary package for the system of your choice or build it from sources.
CodeIgniter is a powerful PHP framework with a very small footprint, built for PHP coders who need a simple and elegant toolkit to create full-featured web applications. If you’re a developer who lives in the real world of shared hosting accounts and clients with deadlines, and if you’re tired of ponderously large and thoroughly undocumented frameworks, then CodeIgniter might be a good fit.
11. Fuel PHP
Fuel is a simple, flexible, community driven PHP 5.3 web framework based on the best ideas of other frameworks with a fresh start. Fuel has been tested on Apache, IIS and Nginx.
Fuel takes a different approach to many frameworks and strives to be community-driven. They have only been going for less than 6 months and already had 30 developers commit to the source code and documentation.
1. Foundation 5
Millions of designers and engineers have adopted Foundation for their product and website design front-end workflow. Foundation was the first open-source framework to be responsive, semantic, mobile first and now, have partials with Interchange. Foundation 5 has just released, which is the fastest release to date – faster in all aspects of building products and websites.
They have built a new command line tool that will let you spin up Foundation projects preposterously fast, and those projects will now use Libsass, a back-end Sass compiling library that will dramatically speed up how long it takes for your SCSS changes by 5x.
3. Lime JS
It is a HTML5 game framework for building games that’ll feel native and work fast in modern touchscreens and desktop browsers. LimeJS is created with Closure Library built by Google and comes with functions/classes to control the timeline, events, shapes and animations. Also, the framework has full support of sprite sheets (you can collect all images inside a single file).
4. 52 Framework
52 Framework is most popular HTML5-CSS3 based frame work among designers and developers. The support for all modern browsers with IE6 makes this framework most distinctive and useful framework in its category.
5. Sencha Touch
Sencha Touch, a high-performance HTML5 mobile application framework, is the cornerstone of the Sencha HTML5 platform. Built for enabling world-class user experiences, Sencha Touch is the only framework that enables developers to build powerful apps that work on iOS, Android, BlackBerry, Windows Phone, and more.
Jo is an open source mobile application framework that is based on HTML5 . It enables you to create for multiple platforms like webOS, iOS, Android, Symbian, Safari, Chrome and Dashboard Widgets. The framework is small in size, ~8kb, without any dependencies and compatible with many other JS frameworks. Jo is also compatible with PhoneGap and makes possible to create native apps besides web apps.
Gridless is an optionated HTML5 CSS3 boilerplate for making mobile first responsive, cross-browser websites with beautiful typography. It works on DBY (don’t bore yourself) approach and allows developers to use CSS normalization, beautiful typography, a well organized folder structure, IE bug fixes and other nice tricks for their websites.
9. iio Engine
1. 推ter Bootstrap
推ter Bootstrap is a toolkit created by 推ter for kickstarting CSS when developing websites. It is built with Less and consists of base CSS + HTML for typography, forms, buttons, tables, grids, navigation, and some more. The grid provided is 940px wide 16-column and, for the layouts, there are solutions for both fixed + fluid ones. 推ter Bootstrap’s HTML elements have a plain-yet-elegant style where form inputs get a nice box-shadow on focus or table rows being highlighted.
2. Pure : CSS Framework
3. Fitgrd : Responsive Grid System
Fitgrd is not a framework. It’s a solid foundation to build up your own responsive website. It is designed for rapid prototyping, but also runs well in production environments. This grid system is perfect for advanced web designers who don’t want to have their pages look like “bootstraped”. Everything but the grid is up to you and gives you the ability to save a lot of dispensable code.
4. Metro UI CSS
Metro UI CSS is a set of styles for creating such interfaces. It is a self-contained solution but can also be used side-by-side with any other frameworks. There are styles for the popular tiles, images, notices, forms, buttons and typography. The framework is also a “work in progress” and is mentioned to be enriched with more layout options + features.
skelJS is a lightweight frontend framework for building responsive sites and apps. Consisting of only a single JS file (weighing in at just 18kb as of this version), it gives designers and developers access to four powerful components: CSS Grid System, Responsive Handler, CSS Shortcuts and Plugin System.
Cardinal is a small, “mobile first” CSS framework with some useful default styles, scalable typography, reusable modules, and a simple responsive grid system. Cardinal provides a new approach to scaling web typography and layout across multiple devices. It places little emphasis on pixel-precision, but does not restrict its usage. Instead, Cardinal leverages modular scale, unit-less line heights, and the power of the REM unit to make it simpler to resize the typography and layout of your entire application for different devices.
Gumby Framework is a flexible, responsive CSS Framework, Powered by SASS. Create rapid and logical page layout and app prototypes with a flexible and responsive grid system and UI kit. It is built with the power of Sass. Sass is a powerful CSS preprocessor which allows us to develop Gumby itself with much more speed — and gives you new tools to quickly customize and build on top of the Gumby Framework. Gumby is developed following the latest standards and specs. In order to stay on the cutting edge, Gumby supports modern web browsers like: Chrome, Firefox, Opera, Internet Explorer 8 – 10.
8. 52 Framework
52framework is a CSS framework which provides an easy way to build websites using HTML5 & CSS3 while still supporting all modern browsers (including ie6). It uses HTML5 tags like header, nav, section, article, footer or new input field types like url, email, etc. The framework also has a HTML5 compatible reset stylesheet.
9. 960 GS
A CSS framework that is better known for helping you to organize your work flow as far as your website development is concerned is none other than the 960GS framework. Most importantly, the 960GS framework is known for offering you two diverse packages of twelve as well as sixteen columns that can either be used on its own or in accordance with one another. Secondly, the 960GS framework also makes available an overlay tool.
10. Less : HTML Powered CSS Framework
Less Framework is a lightweight CSS framework that enables you to build flexible multi-column website layouts. It contains an eight-column grid optimized for a line-height of 24px & a set of typography presets based on the golden ratio which is parallel to the grid’s vertical rhythm.
YAML is a CSS framework that is popularly known as Yet Another Multicolumn Layout. The best part about this particular CSS framework is that it is perfectly compatible with almost all the browsers that are operative in today’s date. Apart from this, the developer of YAML Dirk Jesse has come up with this framework keeping into mind the web standards. In addition, this CSS framework comes complete with a YAML Builder.