OpenBSD 5.6 发布

jopen 4年前

OpenBSD项目提供了一份免费、多平台的、基于4.4 BSD的类UNIX操作系统。我们的成就在于强调其可移植性、标准化、正确性、前摄安全性以及集成的密码技术。该项目还开发广为使用且受欢迎的 OpenSSH(OpenBSD Secure Shell)软件,它利用SSH协议为计算机网络提供加密的通信会话。
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What's New

This is a partial list of new features and systems included in OpenBSD 5.6. For a comprehensive list, see the changelog leading to 5.6.

  • LibreSSL
    • This release forks OpenSSL into LibreSSL, a version of the TLS/crypto stack with goals of modernizing the codebase, improving security, and applying best practice development processes.
    • No support for legacy MacOS, Netware, OS/2, VMS and Windows platforms, as well as antique compilers.
    • Removal of the IBM 4758, Broadcom ubsec, Sureware, Nuron, GOST, GMP, CSwift, CHIL, CAPI, Atalla and AEP engines, either because the hardware is irrelevant, or because they require external non-free libraries to work.
    • No support for FIPS-140 compliance.
    • No EBCDIC support.
    • No support for big-endian i386 and amd64 platforms.
    • Use standard routines from the C library (malloc, strdup, snprintf...) instead of rolling our own, sometimes badly.
    • Remove the old OpenSSL PRNG, and rely upon arc4random_buf from libc for all the entropy needs.
    • Remove the MD2 and SEED algorithms.
    • Remove J-PAKE, PSK and SRP (mis)features.
    • Aggressive cleaning of BN memory when no longer used.
    • No support for Kerberos.
    • No support for SSLv2.
    • No support for the questionable DTLS heartbeat extension.
    • No support for TLS compression.
    • No support for US-Export SSL ciphers.
    • Do not use the current time as a random seed in libssl.
    • Support for ChaCha and Poly1305 algorithm.
    • Support for Brainpool and ANSSI elliptic curves.
    • Support for AES-GCM and ChaCha20-Poly1305 AEAD modes.

    </li>
  • Improved hardware support, including:
    • SCSI Multipathing support via mpath(4) and associated path drivers on several architectures.
    • New qlw(4) driver for QLogic ISP SCSI HBAs.
    • New qla(4) driver for QLogic ISP2100/2200/2300 Fibre Channel HBAs.
    • New upd(4) sensor driver for USB Power Devices (UPS).
    • New brswphy(4) driver for Broadcom BCM53xx 10/100/1000TX Ethernet PHYs.
    • New uscom(4) driver for simple USB serial adapters.
    • New axen(4) driver for ASIX Electronics AX88179 10/100/Gigabit USB Ethernet devices.
    • The inteldrm(4) and radeondrm(4) drivers have improved suspend/resume support.
    • The userland interface for the agp(4) driver has been removed.
    • The rtsx(4) driver now supports card readers based on the RTS5227 and RTL8402 chipsets.
    • The firmware for the run(4) driver has been updated to version 0.33.
    • The run(4) driver now supports devices based on the RT3900E chipset.
    • The zyd(4) driver, which was broken for some time, has been fixed.
    • The bwi(4) driver now works in systems with more than 1GB of RAM.
    • The re(4) driver now supports devices based on the RTL8168EP/8111EP, RTL8168G/8111G, and RTL8168GU/8111GU chipsets.
    • </ul>

      </li>
    • Generic network stack improvements:
      • divert(4) now supports checksum offload.
      • IPv6 is now turned off on new interfaces by default. Assigning an IPv6 address will enable IPv6 on an interface.
      • Support for RFC4620 IPv6 Node Information Queries has been removed.
      • The kernel no longer supports the SO_DONTROUTE socket option.
      • The getaddrinfo(3) function now supports the AI_ADDRCONFIG flag defined in RFC 3493.
      • Include router alert option (RAO) in IGMP packets, as required by RFC2236.
      • ALTQ has been removed.
      • The hash table for Protocol Control Block (PCB) of TCP and UDP now resize automatically on load.
      • </ul>

        </li>
      • Installer improvements:
        • Remove ftp and tape as install methods.
        • Preserve the disklabel (and next 6 blocks) when installing boot block on 4k-sector disk drives.
        • Change the "Server?" question to "HTTP Server?" to allow unambiguous autoinstall(8) handling.
        • Allow autoinstall(8) to fetch and install sets from multiple locations.
        • Many sample configuration files have moved from /etc to /etc/examples.
        • </ul>

          </li>
        • Routing daemons and other userland network improvements:
          • When used with the -v flag, tcpdump(8) now shows the actual bad checksum within the IP/protocol header itself and what the good checksum should be.
          • ftp(1) now allows its User-Agent to be changed via the -U command-line option.
          • The -r option of ping(8) and traceroute(8) has been removed.
          • ifconfig(8) can now explicitly assign an IPv6 link-local address and turn IPv6 autoconf on or off.
          • ifconfig(8) has been made smarter about parsing WEP keys on the command line.
          • ifconfig(8) scan now shows the encryption type of wireless networks (WEP, WPA, WPA2, 802.1x).
          • MS-CHAPv1 (RFC2433) support has been removed from pppd(8).
          • traceroute6(8) has been merged into traceroute(8).
          • The asr API for asynchronous address resolution and nameserver querying is now public.
          • pflow(4)'s pflowproto 9 has been removed.
          • The userland ppp(8) daemon and its associated PPPoE helper, pppoe(8), have been removed.
          • snmpd(8), snmpctl(8), and relayd(8) now communicate via the AgentX protocol.
          • relayd(8) has a new filtering subsystem, where the new configuration language uses last-matching pf-like rules.
          • The new relayd(8) filter rules now support URL-based relaying.
          • relayd(8) now uses privilege separation for private keys. This acts as an additional mitigation to prevent leakage of the private keys from the processes doing SSL/TLS.
          • New httpd(8) HTTP server with FastCGI and SSL support.
          • </ul>

            </li>
          • OpenSMTPD 5.4.3 (includes changes to 5.4.2):
            • New/changed features:
              • OpenSMTPD replaces Sendmail as the default MTA.
              • Queue process now runs under a different user for better isolation.
              • Merged MDA, MTA and SMTP processes into a single unprivileged process.
              • Killed the MFA process, it is no longer needed.
              • Added support for email addresses lookups in the table_db backend.
              • Added RSA privilege separation support to prevent possible private key leakage.
              • </ul> </li>
              • The following significant bugs have been fixed in this release:
                • Minor bug fixes in some corner cases of the routing logic.
                • The enqueuer no longer adds its own User-Agent.
                • Disabled profiling code, allowing all processes to rest rather than waking up every second.
                • Reworked the purge task to avoid disk-hits unless necessary... only once at startup.
                • Fix various header parsing bugs in the local enqueuer.
                • Assorted minor fixes and code cleanups.
                • </ul> </li> </ul>

                  </li>
                • Security improvements:
                  • Changed the heuristics of the stack protector to also protect functions with local array definitions and references to local frame addresses. This matches the -fstack-protector-strong option of upstream GCC.
                  • Position-independent executables (PIE) are now used by default on powerpc.
                  • Removed Kerberos.
                  • Default bcrypt hash type is now $2b$.
                  • Remove md5crypt support.
                  • Improved easier to use bcrypt API is now available.
                  • Increase randomness of random mmap mappings.
                  • Added getentropy(2).
                  • Added timingsafe_memcmp(3).
                  • Removed the MD4 hash algorithm and functions from cksum(1), S/Key, and libc.
                  • gets(3) has been removed.
                  • Added reallocarray(3), which allows multiple sized objects to be allocated without the cost of clearing memory while avoiding possible integer overflows.
                  • Extended fread(3) and fwrite(3) to check for integer overflows.
                  • </ul>

                    </li>
                  • Assorted improvements:
                    • locate databases for both base and xenocara, as /usr/lib/locate/src.db and /usr/X11R6/lib/locate/xorg.db.
                    • Much faster package updates, due to package contents reordering that precludes re-downloading unchanged files.
                    • Fix many programs that failed when accessing disks having sector sizes other than 512 bytes, includingbadsect(8),df(1),dump(8),dumpfs(8),fsck_ext2fs(8),fsck_ffs(8),fsdb(8),growfs(8),ncheck_ffs(8),quotacheck(8),tunefs(8).
                    • Constrain MSDOS timestamps to 1/1/1980 through 12/31/2107. 64-bit time_t values outside that range are stored as 1/1/1980.
                    • bs(6) now prints a battleship splash screen.
                    • rcp, rsh, rshd, rwho, rwhod, ruptime, asa, bdes, fpr, mkstr, page, spray, xstr, oldrdist, fsplit, uyap, and bluetooth have been removed.
                    • rmail(8) and uucpd(8) have been removed from the base system and added to the ports tree.
                    • Lynx has been removed from the base system and added to the ports tree.
                    • TCP Wrappers have been removed.
                    • Fix atexit(3) recursive handlers.
                    • Enhancedisklabel(8) to recover filesystem mountpoint information when reading saved ascii labels.
                    • Properly handlemsgbuf_write(3) EOF conditions, including uses intmux(1),dvmrpd(8),ldapd(8),ldpd(8),ospf6d(8),ospfd(8),relayd(8),ripd(8),smtpd(8),ypldap(8).
                    • Constrain fdisk(8) '-l' to disk sizes of 64 blocks or more.
                    • Sync fdisk(8) built-in MBR with current /usr/mdec/mbr.
                    • Quiet dhclient(8) '-q' even more.
                    • Log less redundant dhclient(8) info.
                    • New leases, lease renewals, cable state changes more obvious to applications monitoring dhclient(8) files.
                    • Preserve chronological order of leases in the dhclient.leases(5) leases files.
                    • Use 'lease {}' statements in dhclient.conf(5), allowing interfaces to get an address when no dynamic lease is available.
                    • Improve dhclient(8) parsing and printing of classess static routes.
                    • Eliminate unnecessary rewrites of resolv.conf(5) by dhclient(8).
                    • Added sendsyslog(2): syslog(3) now works even when out of file descriptors or in a chroot.
                    • Addederrc(3),verrc(3),warnc(3) andvwarnc(3).
                    • Faster hibernate/unhibernate performance on amd64 and i386 platforms.
                    • Support hibernating to softraid(4) crypto volumes.
                    • Improved performance of seekdir(3) to start of current buffer.
                    • Added <endian.h> per the revision of the POSIX spec in progress.
                    • Apache has been removed.
                    • Read support for ext4 filesystems.
                    • Reworked mplocks as ticket locks instead of spinlocks on amd64, i386, and sparc64. This provides fairer access to the kernel lock between logical CPUs, especially in multi socket systems.
                    • </ul>

                      </li>
                    • OpenSSH 6.7
                      • Potentially-incompatible changes:
                        • sshd(8): The default set of ciphers and MACs has been altered to remove unsafe algorithms. In particular, CBC ciphers and arcfour* are disabled by default.
                        • sshd(8): Support for tcpwrappers/libwrap has been removed.
                        • OpenSSH 6.5 and 6.6 have a bug that causes ~0.2% of connections using the "curve25519-sha256@libssh.org" KEX exchange method to fail when connecting with something that implements the specification correctly. OpenSSH 6.7 disables this KEX method when speaking to one of the affected versions.
                        • </ul> </li>
                        • New/changed features:
                          • Major internal refactoring to begin to make part of OpenSSH usable as a library. So far the wire parsing, key handling and KRL code has been refactored. Please note that we do not consider the API stable yet, nor do we offer the library in separable form.
                          • ssh(1), sshd(8): Add support for Unix domain socket forwarding. A remote TCP port may be forwarded to a local Unix domain socket and vice versa or both ends may be a Unix domain socket.
                          • ssh(1), ssh-keygen(1): Add support for SSHFP DNS records for Ed25519 key types.
                          • sftp(1): Allow resumption of interrupted uploads.
                          • ssh(1): When rekeying, skip file/DNS lookups of the hostkey if it is the same as the one sent during initial key exchange. (bz#2154)
                          • sshd(8): Allow explicit ::1 and 127.0.0.1 forwarding bind addresses when GatewayPorts=no; allows client to choose address family. (bz#2222)
                          • sshd(8): Add a sshd_config(5) PermitUserRC option to control whether ~/.ssh/rc is executed, mirroring the no-user-rc authorized_keys option. (bz#2160)
                          • ssh(1): Add a %C escape sequence for LocalCommand and ControlPath that expands to a unique identifer based on a hash of the tuple of (local host, remote user, hostname, port). Helps avoid exceeding miserly pathname limits for Unix domain sockets in multiplexing control paths. (bz#2220)
                          • sshd(8): Make the "Too many authentication failures" message include the user, source address, port and protocol in a format similar to the authentication success/failure messages. (bz#2199)
                          • Added unit and fuzz tests for refactored code.
                          • </ul> </li>
                          • The following significant bugs have been fixed in this release:
                            • sshd(8): Fix remote forwarding with same listen port but different listen address.
                            • ssh(1): Fix inverted test that caused PKCS#11 keys that were explicitly listed in ssh_config(5) or on the commandline not to be preferred.
                            • ssh-keygen(1): Fix bug in KRL generation: multiple consecutive revoked certificate serial number ranges could be serialised to an invalid format. Readers of a broken KRL caused by this bug will fail closed, so no should-have-been-revoked key will be accepted.
                            • ssh(1): Reflect stdio-forward ("ssh -W host:port ...") failures in exit status. Previously we were always returning 0. (bz#2255)
                            • ssh(1), ssh-keygen(1): Make Ed25519 keys' title fit properly in the randomart border. (bz#2247)
                            • ssh-agent(1): Only cleanup agent socket in the main agent process and not in any subprocesses it may have started (e.g. forked askpass). Fixes agent sockets being zapped when askpass processes fatal(). (bz#2236)
                            • ssh-add(1): Make stdout line-buffered; saves partial output getting lost when ssh-add(1) fatal()s part-way through (e.g. when listing keys from an agent that supports key types that ssh-add(1) doesn't). (bz#2234)
                            • ssh-keygen(1): When hashing or removing hosts, don't choke on "@revoked" markers and don't remove "@cert-authority" markers. (bz#2241)
                            • ssh(1): Don't fatal when hostname canonicalisation fails and a ProxyCommand is in use; continue and allow the ProxyCommand to connect anyway (e.g. to a host with a name outside the DNS behind a bastion).
                            • scp(1): When copying local->remote fails during read, don't send uninitialised heap to the remote end.
                            • sftp(1): Fix fatal "el_insertstr failed" errors when tab-completing filenames with a single quote char somewhere in the string. (bz#2238)
                            • ssh-keyscan(1): Scan for Ed25519 keys by default.
                            • ssh(1): When using VerifyHostKeyDNS with a DNSSEC resolver, down-convert any certificate keys to plain keys and attempt SSHFP resolution. Prevents a server from skipping SSHFP lookup and forcing a new-hostkey dialog by offering only certificate keys.
                            • sshd(8): Avoid crash at exit via NULL pointer reference. (bz#2225)
                            • Fix some strict-alignment errors.
                            • </ul> </li> </ul>

                              </li>
                            • mandoc 1.13.0:
                              • New implementation of apropos(1), whatis(1), and makewhatis(8) based on SQLite3 databases.
                              • Substantial improvements of mandoc(1) error and warning messages.
                              • Almost complete implementation of roff(7) numerical expressions.
                              • About a dozen minor new features and numerous bug fixes.
                              • </ul>

                                </li>
                              • Ports and packages:
                                • Over 8,800 ports.
                                • </ul>

                                  </li>
                                • Many pre-built packages for each architecture: </tr> </tbody> </table>

                                  </li>
                                • Some highlights:
                                  • GNOME 3.12.2
                                  • KDE 3.5.10
                                  • KDE 4.13.3
                                  • Xfce 4.10
                                  • MySQL 5.1.73
                                  • PostgreSQL 9.3.4
                                  • Postfix 2.11.1
                                  • OpenLDAP 2.3.43 and 2.4.39
                                  • Mozilla Firefox 31.0
                                  • Mozilla Thunderbird 31.0
                                  • GHC 7.6.3
                                  • LibreOffice 4.1.6.2
                                  • Emacs 21.4 and 24.3
                                  • Vim 7.4.135
                                  • PHP 5.3.28, 5.4.30 and 5.5.14
                                  • Python 2.7.8, 3.3.5 and 3.4.1
                                  • Ruby 1.8.7.374, 1.9.3.545, 2.0.0.481 and 2.1.2
                                  • Tcl/Tk 8.5.15 and 8.6.1
                                  • JDK 1.6.0.32 and 1.7.0.55
                                  • Mono 3.4.0
                                  • Chromium 36.0.1985.125
                                  • Groff 1.22.2
                                  • Go 1.3
                                  • GCC 4.6.4, 4.8.3 and 4.9.0
                                  • LLVM/Clang 3.5 (20140228)
                                  • Node.js 0.10.28
                                  • </ul>

                                    </li>
                                  • As usual, steady improvements in manual pages and other documentation.

                                  • The system includes the following major components from outside suppliers:
                                    • Xenocara (based on X.Org 7.7 with xserver 1.15.2 + patches, freetype 2.5.3, fontconfig 2.11.1, Mesa 10.2.3, xterm 309, xkeyboard-config 2.11 and more)
                                    • Gcc 4.2.1 (+ patches) and 3.3.6 (+ patches)
                                    • Perl 5.18.2 (+ patches)
                                    • Nginx 1.6.0 (+ patches)
                                    • SQLite 3.8.4.3 (+ patches)
                                    • Sendmail 8.14.8, with libmilter
                                    • Bind 9.4.2-P2 (+ patches)
                                    • NSD 4.0.3
                                    • Unbound 1.4.22
                                    • Sudo 1.7.2p8
                                    • Ncurses 5.7
                                    • Binutils 2.15 (+ patches)
                                    • Gdb 6.3 (+ patches)
                                    • Less 458 (+ patches)
                                    • Awk Aug 10, 2011 version
                                    • </ul> </li> </ul>

                                      How to install

                                      Following this are the instructions which you would have on a piece of paper if you had purchased a CDROM set instead of doing an alternate form of install. The instructions for doing an FTP (or other style of) install are very similar; the CDROM instructions are left intact so that you can see how much easier it would have been if you had purchased a CDROM instead.


                                      Please refer to the following files on the three CDROMs or FTP mirror for extensive details on how to install OpenBSD 5.6 on your machine:


                                      Quick installer information for people familiar with OpenBSD, and the use of the "disklabel -E" command. If you are at all confused when installing OpenBSD, read the relevant INSTALL.* file as listed above!

                                      OpenBSD/i386:

                                        Play with your BIOS options to enable booting from a CD. The OpenBSD/i386 release is on CD1. If your BIOS does not support booting from CD, you will need to create a boot floppy to install from. To create a boot floppy writeCD1:5.6/i386/floppy56.fs to a floppy and boot via the floppy drive.

                                        Use CD1:5.6/i386/floppyB56.fs instead for greater SCSI controller support, or CD1:5.6/i386/floppyC56.fs for better laptop support.

                                        If you can't boot from a CD or a floppy disk, you can install across the network using PXE as described in the included INSTALL.i386 document.

                                        If you are planning on dual booting OpenBSD with another OS, you will need to read INSTALL.i386.

                                        To make a boot floppy under MS-DOS, use the "rawrite" utility located at CD1:5.6/tools/rawrite.exe. To make the boot floppy under a Unix OS, use thedd(1) utility. The following is an example usage ofdd(1), where the device could be "floppy", "rfd0c", or "rfd0a".

                                          # dd if=<file> of=/dev/<device> bs=32k 

                                        Make sure you use properly formatted perfect floppies with NO BAD BLOCKS or your install will most likely fail. For more information on creating a boot floppy and installing OpenBSD/i386 please refer toFAQ 4.3.2.

                                        </ul>

                                        OpenBSD/amd64:

                                          The 5.6 release of OpenBSD/amd64 is located on CD2. Boot from the CD to begin the install - you may need to adjust your BIOS options first. If you can't boot from the CD, you can create a boot floppy to install from. To do this, write CD2:5.6/amd64/floppy56.fs to a floppy, then boot from the floppy drive.

                                          If you can't boot from a CD or a floppy disk, you can install across the network using PXE as described in the included INSTALL.amd64 document.

                                          If you are planning to dual boot OpenBSD with another OS, you will need to read INSTALL.amd64.

                                        OpenBSD/macppc:

                                          Burn the image from the FTP site to a CDROM, and power on your machine while holding down the C key until the display turns on and shows OpenBSD/macppc boot.

                                          Alternatively, at the Open Firmware prompt, enter boot cd:,ofwboot /5.6/macppc/bsd.rd

                                        OpenBSD/sparc64:

                                          Put CD3 in your CDROM drive and type boot cdrom.

                                          If this doesn't work, or if you don't have a CDROM drive, you can writeCD3:5.6/sparc64/floppy56.fs or CD3:5.6/sparc64/floppyB56.fs (depending on your machine) to a floppy and boot it with boot floppy. Refer to INSTALL.sparc64 for details.

                                          Make sure you use a properly formatted floppy with NO BAD BLOCKS or your install will most likely fail.

                                          You can also write CD3:5.6/sparc64/miniroot56.fs to the swap partition on the disk and boot with boot disk:b.

                                          If nothing works, you can boot over the network as described in INSTALL.sparc64.

                                        OpenBSD/alpha:

                                          Write FTP:5.6/alpha/floppy56.fs orFTP:5.6/alpha/floppyB56.fs (depending on your machine) to a diskette and enter boot dva0. Refer to INSTALL.alpha for more details.

                                          Make sure you use a properly formatted floppy with NO BAD BLOCKS or your install will most likely fail.

                                        OpenBSD/armish:

                                          After connecting a serial port, Thecus can boot directly from the network either tftp or http. Configure the network using fconfig, reset, then load bsd.rd, see INSTALL.armish for specific details. IOData HDL-G can only boot from an EXT-2 partition. Boot into linux and copy 'boot' and bsd.rd into the first partition on wd0 (hda1) then load and run bsd.rd, preserving the wd0i (hda1) ext2fs partition. More details are available in INSTALL.armish.

                                        OpenBSD/hppa:

                                          Boot over the network by following the instructions in INSTALL.hppa or thehppa platform page.

                                        OpenBSD/landisk:

                                          Write miniroot56.fs to the start of the CF or disk, and boot normally.

                                        OpenBSD/loongson:

                                          Write miniroot56.fs to a USB stick and boot bsd.rd from it or boot bsd.rd via tftp. Refer to the instructions in INSTALL.loongson for more details.

                                        OpenBSD/luna88k:

                                          Copy `boot' and `bsd.rd' to a Mach or UniOS partition, and boot the bootloader from the PROM, and the bsd.rd from the bootloader. Refer to the instructions in INSTALL.luna88k for more details.

                                        OpenBSD/octeon:

                                          After connecting a serial port, boot bsd.rd over the network via DHCP/tftp. Refer to the instructions in INSTALL.octeon for more details.

                                        OpenBSD/sgi:

                                          To install, burn cd56.iso on a CD-R, put it in the CD drive of your machine and select Install System Software from the System Maintenance menu. Indigo/Indy/Indigo2 (R4000) systems will not boot automatically from CD-ROM, and need a proper invocation from the PROM prompt. Refer to the instructions in INSTALL.sgi for more details.

                                          If your machine doesn't have a CD drive, you can setup a DHCP/tftp network server, and boot using "bootp()/bsd.rd.IP##" using the kernel matching your system type. Refer to the instructions in INSTALL.sgi for more details.

                                        OpenBSD/socppc:

                                          After connecting a serial port, boot over the network via DHCP/tftp. Refer to the instructions in INSTALL.socppc for more details.

                                        OpenBSD/sparc:

                                          Boot from one of the provided install ISO images, using one of the two commands listed below, depending on the version of your ROM.
                                            ok boot cdrom 5.6/sparc/bsd.rd or  > b sd(0,6,0)5.6/sparc/bsd.rd 

                                          If your SPARC system does not have a CD drive, you can alternatively boot from floppy. To do so you need to write floppy56.fs to a floppy. For more information see FAQ 4.3.2. To boot from the floppy use one of the two commands listed below, depending on the version of your ROM.

                                            ok boot floppy or  > b fd() 

                                          Make sure you use a properly formatted floppy with NO BAD BLOCKS or your install will most likely fail.

                                          If your SPARC system doesn't have a floppy drive nor a CD drive, you can either setup a bootable tape, or install via network, as told in the INSTALL.sparc file.

                                          </ul>

                                          OpenBSD/vax:

                                            Boot over the network via mopbooting as described in INSTALL.vax.

                                          OpenBSD/zaurus:

                                            Using the Linux built-in graphical ipkg installer, install the openbsd56_arm.ipk package. Reboot, then run it. Read INSTALL.zaurus for a few important details.

                                          Notes about the source code:

                                            src.tar.gz contains a source archive starting at /usr/src. This file contains everything you need except for the kernel sources, which are in a separate archive. To extract:

                                              # mkdir -p /usr/src # cd /usr/src # tar xvfz /tmp/src.tar.gz 

                                            sys.tar.gz contains a source archive starting at /usr/src/sys. This file contains all the kernel sources you need to rebuild kernels. To extract:

                                              # mkdir -p /usr/src/sys # cd /usr/src # tar xvfz /tmp/sys.tar.gz 

                                            Both of these trees are a regular CVS checkout. Using these trees it is possible to get a head-start on using the anoncvs servers as described here. Using these files results in a much faster initial CVS update than you could expect from a fresh checkout of the full OpenBSD source tree.

                                            </ul>

                                            How to upgrade

                                            If you already have an OpenBSD 5.5 system, and do not want to reinstall, upgrade instructions and advice can be found in theUpgrade Guide.


                                            Ports Tree

                                            A ports tree archive is also provided. To extract:

                                              # cd /usr # tar xvfz /tmp/ports.tar.gz 

                                            The ports/ subdirectory is a checkout of the OpenBSD ports tree. Go read the ports page if you know nothing about ports at this point. This text is not a manual of how to use ports. Rather, it is a set of notes meant to kickstart the user on the OpenBSD ports system.

                                            The ports/ directory represents a CVS (see the manpage for cvs(1) if you aren't familiar with CVS) checkout of our ports. As with our complete source tree, our ports tree is available viaAnonCVS. So, in order to keep current with it, you must make the ports/ tree available on a read-write medium and update the tree with a command like:

                                              # cd /usr/ports # cvs -d anoncvs@server.openbsd.org:/cvs update -Pd -rOPENBSD_5_6 

                                            [Of course, you must replace the server name here with a nearby anoncvs server.]

                                            Note that most ports are available as packages through FTP. Updated packages for the 5.6 release will be made available if problems arise.

                                            If you're interested in seeing a port added, would like to help out, or just would like to know more, the mailing listports@openbsd.org is a good place to know.

                                  • i386: 8588
                                  • sparc64: 7965
                                  • alpha: 6278
                                  • sh: 2626
                                  • </ul> </td>
                                  • amd64: 8588
                                  • powerpc: 8049
                                  • m88k: 2475
                                  • sparc: 3394
                                  • arm: 5633
                                  • hppa: 6143
                                  • vax: 1995
                                  • mips64: 4686
                                  • mips64el: 6697