使用maven插件构建项目安装包

gp3054 6年前

来自: http://my.oschina.net/u/1241970/blog/628640


    因项目需要,需要在一开源项目上做二 次开发,对开发后的项目需要再构建出自己的安装包(如Linux下的*.tar.gz,Windows下的*.zip格式)。从网上搜索资料发现maven插件可以实现这个需求。现把已经验证成功的maven的插件配置pom文件分享。以备有共同需要的人可以参考,同时给自己做个备忘:

pom.xml内容如下:

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>    <groupId>xxxx</groupId>    <artifactId>xxxxx</artifactId>    <version>3.4.6</version>    <name>xxxx</name>    <description>xxxxx</description>        <properties>      <target.dir>target</target.dir>    </properties>      <dependencies>      <dependency>        ....      </dependency>    </dependencies>      <build>      <plugins>        <!-- 指定多个源代码目录、多个资源文件目录 -->        <plugin>          <groupId>org.codehaus.mojo</groupId>          <artifactId>build-helper-maven-plugin</artifactId>          <version>1.8</version>          <executions>            <execution>              <id>add-source</id>              <phase>generate-sources</phase>              <goals>                <goal>add-source</goal>              </goals>              <configuration>                <sources>                  <source>src/java/main</source>                  <source>src/java/generated</source>                </sources>              </configuration>            </execution>          </executions>        </plugin>        <!-- 编译插件 -->        <plugin>          <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>          <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>          <version>3.0</version>          <configuration>            <source>1.6</source>            <target>1.6</target>             <encoding>UTF8</encoding>           </configuration>        </plugin>        <plugin>          <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>          <artifactId>maven-resources-plugin</artifactId>          <version>2.6</version>          <configuration>            <encoding>UTF-8</encoding>          </configuration>        </plugin>        <!-- 生成源文件jar包文件 -->        <plugin>          <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>          <artifactId>maven-source-plugin</artifactId>          <version>2.1.1</version>          <executions>            <execution>              <id>attach-sources</id>              <goals>                <goal>jar-no-fork</goal>              </goals>            </execution>          </executions>        </plugin>        <!-- 打字节码包插件 -->        <plugin>          <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>          <artifactId>maven-jar-plugin</artifactId>          <version>2.4</version>          <configuration>            <includes>              <classesDirectory>org/</classesDirectory>            </includes>            <executions>              <execution>                <id>make-a-jar</id>                <phase>compile</phase>                <goals>                  <goal>jar</goal>                </goals>              </execution>            </executions>          </configuration>        </plugin>        <!-- 部署插件 -->        <plugin>          <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>          <artifactId>maven-assembly-plugin</artifactId>          <version>2.4</version>          <configuration>            <descriptors>              <descriptor>assembly.xml</descriptor>            </descriptors>          </configuration>          <executions>            <execution>              <id>make-assembly</id>              <phase>package</phase>              <goals>                <goal>single</goal>              </goals>            </execution>          </executions>        </plugin>      </plugins>    </build>  </project>

其中,assembly.xml是部署插件maven-assembly-plugin的配置文件,在assembly.xml里指定哪些资源需要部署到安装包中。其内容如下:

<assembly xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/assembly-2.2.xsd">    <id>full</id>    <formats>      <format>tar.gz</format> <!--Linux系统下打包文件格式 -->      <format>zip</format> <!--Windows系统下打包文件格式 -->    </formats>    <includeBaseDirectory>true</includeBaseDirectory>    <dependencySets>      <dependencySet>        <outputDirectory>lib</outputDirectory><!-- 将scope为runtime的依赖包打包到lib目录下。 -->        <scope>runtime</scope>        <useProjectArtifact>false</useProjectArtifact>      </dependencySet>    </dependencySets>    <fileSets>      <fileSet>        <outputDirectory>/</outputDirectory>        <directory>/</directory>        <includes>          <include>bin/*</include>          <include>conf/*</include>          <include>*.xml</include>          <include>*.txt</include>        </includes>        <excludes>          <exclude>pom.xml</exclude>          <exclude>build.xml</exclude>          <exclude>build_bak.xml</exclude>          <exclude>assembly.xml</exclude>        </excludes>      </fileSet>       <fileSet>                <directory>/target/</directory>                <outputDirectory>/</outputDirectory>                <includes>                <include>*.jar</include>              </includes>          </fileSet>     </fileSets>  </assembly>