wring - Extract content from websites using CSS Selectors and XPath

jopen 3年前


You can install wring using npm:

$ npm install --global wring

Wring utilizes PhantomJS for some of its commands. To use these, install it using your system package manager by running something like brew install phantomjs on OS X, or apt-get install phantomjs on Ubuntu. You can make sure it's on your PATH by running phantomjs -v.

Alternatively, you can install a version which automatically downloads PhantomJS binaries for your system:

$ npm install --global wring-with-phantomjs


wring text

Here is a simple example which prints contents of the matching element (uses Cheerio under the hood):

$ wring text 'https://www.google.com/finance/converter?a=1&from=EUR&to=USD' '#currency_converter_result'  1 EUR = 1.0940 USD    # You can use the first letter of command as a shortcut  $ wring t http://randomfunfacts.com i  No president of the United States was an only child.

You can also use jQuery specific selectors such as :contains():

$ wring t 'https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_songs_recorded_by_Taylor_Swift' 'tr:contains("The Hunger Games") th:first-child'  "Eyes Open"  "Safe & Sound"

wring html

Prints outerHTMLof matching elements. Here is an example, this time using an XPath expression:

$ wring html "http://news.ycombinator.com" "//td[@class='title']/a[starts-with(@href,'http')]"  <a href="http://eftimov.net/postgresql-indexes-first-principles">PostgreSQL Indexes: First principles</a>  <a href="http://inference-review.com/article/doing-mathematics-differently">Doing Mathematics Differently</a>  <a href="https://blog.chartmogul.com/api-based-saas/">The rise of the API-based SaaS</a>  <a href="https://github.com/tallesl/Rich-Hickey-fanclub">Rich Hickey Fanclub</a>  ...

Accepted inputs

First argument of a command specifies its input, which can be a URL, path to a file, HTML string, or - to read the page source from stdin:

# read from file  $ curl 'http://www.purescript.org/' > page.html  $ wring t page.html '.intro h2'  PureScript is a small strongly typed programming language that compiles to JavaScript.    # read from string  $ wring text '<div class="foo">Hello</div>' '.foo'  Hello    # read from stdin  $ curl -s 'http://www.merriam-webster.com/word-of-the-day' | wring text - '.word-and-pronunciation h1'  keelhaul

Using with PhantomJS

Prefixing a command with phantomjs or p will run it using jQuery inside a real web browser context. You can use this if you are having compatibility problems with the commands above, but the real utility comes from being able to scrape dynamically generated content:

$ wring p t '<title>Foo</title> <script>document.title = "Bar";</script>' 'title'  Bar    # compare it to the non-phantomjs invocation below  $ wring t '<title>Foo</title> <script>document.title = "Bar";</script>' 'title'  Foo

wring eval

Lets you evaluate JavaScript inside any page. Calling wring('str') will write to terminal. You can pass any number of .js file paths, URLs, and JS expressions as script arguments and they will get executed in given order:

$ wring eval 'http://ipfs.io' 'wring(document.title)'  IPFS is a new peer-to-peer hypermedia protocol.    # you can load and use third party libraries:  $ wring e 'http://ipfs.io' 'http://cdn.jsdelivr.net/lodash/4.5.1/lodash.js' 'wring(_.kebabCase(document.title))'  ipfs-is-a-new-peer-to-peer-hypermedia-protocol

Self contained scripts

You can also use a trick to make self contained scripts.

Here is a contrived example which loads Hacker News homepage, loads lodash, sorts posts by their score, and prints the top 5:

#!/bin/sh  ":" //; exec wring eval "https://news.ycombinator.com" "https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/lodash/4.5.1/lodash.js" "$0"    var posts = _.map(    document.querySelectorAll(".votelinks + .title > a"),    function(el) {      return el.textContent + "\n" + el.href;    })    var scores = _.map(    document.querySelectorAll(".score"),    function (el) {      return parseInt(el.textContent, 10);    })    _(posts)    .zipWith(scores, function (text, score) {      return { text: text, score: score };    })    .orderBy("score", "desc")    .take(5)    .forEach(function (item) {      wring(item.text + "\n");    })
# after saving the source above to `wring_hn.js` you can run it like this  $ chmod +x wring_hn.js  $ ./wring_hn.js  Raspberry Pi 3 Model B confirmed, with onboard BT LE and WiFi  https://apps.fcc.gov/oetcf/eas/reports/...    After fifteen years of downtime, the MetaFilter gopher server is back  http://metatalk.metafilter.com/24019/...  ...

wring shot

Last command to cover is wring shot, which renders a screenshot of first matching element and saves it to a file:

$ wring shot 'https://www.google.com/finance?q=GOOG' '#price-panel' goog.png  wring: Saved to goog.png

Resulting goog.png will contain something like this:



# Install Node.js dependencies:  $ npm install    # Install PureScript dependencies:  $ bower install    # Build `wring.js` and `phantom-main.js`:  $ npm run build    # Run tests:  $ npm test    # Compile & run using Pulp (https://github.com/bodil/pulp):  $ pulp run text '<b>foo</b>' 'b'



项目地址: https://github.com/osener/wring