15-Angular的路由

jopen 4年前

现在非常流行单页面应用,传统都是通过ajax请求数据,前端拿到数据渲染到页面,这种无刷新的视图切换非常棒!但是致命的缺点就是刷新後无法保持原来的视图,解决此问题的一个方法是使用 hash,监听hashchange事件来进行视图切换,另一个方法是用HTML5的history API,通过pushState()记录操作历史,监听popstate事件来进行视图切换,也有人把这叫pjax技术。

现在开始介绍angular的$route!

<!DOCTYPE HTML>  <html ng-app="myApp">  <head>  <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />   <title>$route</title>  <script type="text/javascript" src="js/angular.min.js"></script>  <script type="text/javascript" src="http://cdn.bootcss.com/angular.js/1.3.0-beta.13/angular-route.min.js"></script>  </head>  <body>    <div ng-controller="Aaa">      <a href="#aaa">首页</a>      <a href="#bbb">内容</a>      <a href="#ccc">标题</a>      <div ng-view></div>  </div>    <script type="text/javascript">    var m1 = angular.module('myApp',['ngRoute']);    m1.config(['$routeProvider',function($routeProvider){      $routeProvider.when('/aaa',{          template : '<h1>AAA</h1>'      }).when('/bbb',{          template : '<h1>BBB</h1>'      }).when('/ccc',{          template : '<h1>CCC</h1>'      }).otherwise({   //默认哈希值,哈希值出现错误也可以执行          redirectTo : '/aaa'      });  }]);  m1.controller('Aaa',['$scope',function($scope){    }]);  </script>  </body>  </html>

上面的例子很简单, 除了用template之外还可以用templateUrl引入html的模板文件。

在when传入控制器的指向,实现不同的页面显示不同的数据。

<!DOCTYPE HTML>  <html ng-app="myApp">  <head>  <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />   <title>$route</title>  <script type="text/javascript" src="js/angular.min.js"></script>  <script type="text/javascript" src="http://cdn.bootcss.com/angular.js/1.3.0-beta.13/angular-route.min.js"></script>  </head>  <body>    <div ng-controller="Aaa">      <a href="#aaa">首页</a>      <a href="#bbb">内容</a>      <a href="#ccc">标题</a>      <div ng-view></div>  </div>    <script type="text/javascript">    var m1 = angular.module('myApp',['ngRoute']);    m1.config(['$routeProvider',function($routeProvider){      $routeProvider.when('/aaa',{          template : '<h1>AAA</h1>{{name}}',          controller : 'Aaa'    //控制器指向      }).when('/bbb',{          template : '<h1>BBB</h1>{{name}}',          controller : 'Bbb'      }).when('/ccc',{          template : '<h1>CCC</h1>{{name}}',          controller : 'Ccc'      }).otherwise({          redirectTo : '/aaa'      });  }]);  m1.controller('Aaa',['$scope',function($scope){      $scope.name = 'xiecg-Aaa';  }]);  m1.controller('Bbb',['$scope',function($scope){      $scope.name = 'xiecg-Bbb';  }]);  m1.controller('Ccc',['$scope',function($scope){      $scope.name = 'xiecg-Ccc';  }]);    </script>  </body>  </html>

以事件的方式映射路由页面。

<!DOCTYPE HTML>  <html ng-app="myApp">  <head>  <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />   <title>$route</title>  <script type="text/javascript" src="js/angular.min.js"></script>  <script type="text/javascript" src="http://cdn.bootcss.com/angular.js/1.3.0-beta.13/angular-route.min.js"></script>  </head>  <body>    <div ng-controller="Aaa">      <a href="javascript:void(0);" ng-click="$location.path('aaa')">首页</a>      <a href="javascript:void(0);" ng-click="$location.path('bbb')">内容</a>      <a href="javascript:void(0);" ng-click="$location.path('ccc')">标题</a>      <div ng-view></div>  </div>    <script type="text/javascript">    var m1 = angular.module('myApp',['ngRoute']);    m1.config(['$routeProvider',function($routeProvider){      $routeProvider.when('/aaa',{          template : '<h1>AAA</h1>{{name}}',          controller : 'Aaa'    //控制器指向      }).when('/bbb',{          template : '<h1>BBB</h1>{{name}}',          controller : 'Bbb'      }).when('/ccc',{          template : '<h1>CCC</h1>{{name}}',          controller : 'Ccc'      }).otherwise({          redirectTo : '/aaa'      });  }]);  m1.controller('Aaa',['$scope','$location',function($scope,$location){      $scope.name = 'xiecg-Aaa';      $scope.$location = $location;  }]);  m1.controller('Bbb',['$scope',function($scope){      $scope.name = 'xiecg-Bbb';  }]);  m1.controller('Ccc',['$scope',function($scope){      $scope.name = 'xiecg-Ccc';  }]);    </script>  </body>  </html>

项目更复杂,页面相同(首页&index),数据不同,需要对url进行传参。

<!DOCTYPE HTML>  <html ng-app="myApp">  <head>  <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />   <title>$route</title>  <script type="text/javascript" src="js/angular.min.js"></script>  <script type="text/javascript" src="http://cdn.bootcss.com/angular.js/1.3.0-beta.13/angular-route.min.js"></script>  </head>  <body>    <div ng-controller="Aaa">      <a href="javascript:void(0);" ng-click="$location.path('aaa/123')">首页</a>      <a href="javascript:void(0);" ng-click="$location.path('bbb')">内容</a>      <a href="javascript:void(0);" ng-click="$location.path('ccc')">标题</a>      <a href="javascript:void(0);" ng-click="$location.path('aaa/456')">index</a>      <div ng-view></div>  </div>    <script type="text/javascript">    var m1 = angular.module('myApp',['ngRoute']);  m1.config(['$routeProvider',function($routeProvider){      $routeProvider.when('/aaa/:num',{          template : '<h1>AAA</h1>{{name}}',          controller : 'Aaa'      }).when('/bbb',{          template : '<h1>BBB</h1>{{name}}',          controller : 'Bbb'      }).when('/ccc',{          template : '<h1>CCC</h1>{{name}}',          controller : 'Ccc'      }).otherwise({          redirectTo : '/aaa/:num'      });  }]);    m1.controller('Aaa',['$scope','$location','$routeParams',function($scope,$location,$routeParams){      $scope.name = 'xiecg-Aaa';      $scope.$location = $location;      console.log($routeParams);    //不同的数据  }]);  m1.controller('Bbb',['$scope',function($scope){      $scope.name = 'xiecg-Bbb';  }]);  m1.controller('Ccc',['$scope',function($scope){      $scope.name = 'xiecg-Ccc';  }]);  </script>  </body>  </html>

路由的事件监听。

<!DOCTYPE HTML>  <html ng-app="myApp">  <head>  <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />   <title>$route</title>  <script type="text/javascript" src="js/angular.min.js"></script>  <script type="text/javascript" src="http://cdn.bootcss.com/angular.js/1.3.0-beta.13/angular-route.min.js"></script>  </head>  <body>    <div ng-controller="Aaa">      <a href="#aaa">首页</a>      <a href="#bbb">内容</a>      <a href="#ccc">标题</a>      <div ng-view></div>  </div>    <script type="text/javascript">    var m1 = angular.module('myApp',['ngRoute']);    m1.run(['$rootScope',function($rootScope){      //路由切换之前触发的事件      $rootScope.$on('$routeChangeStart',function(event,current,pre){          console.log(event);      //事件对象          console.log(current);    //路径对应的数据值          console.log(pre);        //上一个路径      });  }]);    m1.config(['$routeProvider',function($routeProvider){      $routeProvider.when('/aaa',{          template : '<h1>AAA</h1>'          //templateUrl : 'temp.html'      }).when('/bbb',{          template : '<h1>BBB</h1>'      }).when('/ccc',{          template : '<h1>CCC</h1>'      }).otherwise({    //默认哈希值,哈希值出现错误也可以执行          redirectTo : '/aaa'      });  }]);  m1.controller('Aaa',['$scope',function($scope){    }]);    </script>  </body>  </html>

补充:angular事件的传播机制。

<div ng-controller="Aaa">      {{count}}      <div ng-controller="Aaa" ng-click="$emit('myEvent')">          {{count}}          <div ng-controller="Aaa">              {{count}}          </div>      </div>  </div>  <script type="text/javascript">  var m1 = angular.module('myApp',[]);    m1.controller('Aaa',['$scope',function($scope){      $scope.count = 0;      $scope.$on('myEvent',function(e){          //console.log(e.targetScope);     //当前的          //console.log(e.currentScope);    //目标的          //console.log(e.name);            //事件名          //e.stopPropagation();            //阻止冒泡          $scope.count++;      });  }]);  </script>

前面嵌套了三个controller,我们在中间的controller上绑定了click事件,使用$emit点击的时候,上面的controller也会触发事件。

如果是$broadcast点击就是往下传播。

学习笔记,如有不足,请指正!转载请保留原文链接,谢谢。

最後,微博求粉,谢谢。

来自: http://www.cnblogs.com/xiaoxie53/p/5115132.html