Android获取设备和应用信息

jopen 5年前

本文将介绍如何获取当前设备和应用基本信息!


创建一个android应用(AndroidTest),所需权限如下(AndroidManifest.xml文件):

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE" />        <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION" />        <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE" />  

接下来是MainActivity.java文件:
    package com.example.androidtest;                import org.json.JSONException;        import org.json.JSONObject;                import android.net.wifi.WifiInfo;        import android.net.wifi.WifiManager;        import android.os.Bundle;        import android.provider.Settings.Secure;        import android.app.Activity;        import android.content.Context;        import android.content.pm.ApplicationInfo;        import android.content.pm.PackageManager;        import android.content.pm.PackageManager.NameNotFoundException;        import android.telephony.TelephonyManager;        import android.telephony.cdma.CdmaCellLocation;        import android.telephony.gsm.GsmCellLocation;        import android.view.Menu;                public class MainActivity extends Activity {                    @Override            protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {                super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);                setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);                        getInfo();            }                    public void getInfo() {                try {                    StringBuilder strLog = new StringBuilder();                    Context ctx = this.getApplicationContext();                            /**                    * 1.获取应用信息                    *                     * 要想获取更多应用相关信息请查阅PackageManager、ApplicationInfo资料                    */                            // 获取应用名称                    String appName = getAppName(ctx);                    strLog.append("应用名称:" + appName + "\r\n");                            // 获取应用包名称                    String packName = getPackName(ctx);                    strLog.append("应用包名称:" + packName + "\r\n");                            // 获取应用版本                    String verName = getVerName(ctx, packName);                    strLog.append("应用版本名称:" + verName + "\r\n");                            // 获取应用版本号                    int verCode = getVerCode(ctx, packName);                    strLog.append("应用版本号:" + verCode + "\r\n");                            /**                    * 2.获取设备信息                    */                    // 获取手机型号                    String model = getPhoneModel();                    strLog.append("手机型号:" + model + "\r\n");                            // 获取手机号码                    String phoneNum = getLineNum(ctx);                    strLog.append("手机号码:" + phoneNum + "\r\n");                            // 获取移动用户标志,IMSI                    String imsi = getSubscriberId(ctx);                    strLog.append("IMSI:" + imsi + "\r\n");                            // 获取设备ID                    String devID = getDeviceID(ctx);                    strLog.append("设备ID:" + devID + "\r\n");                            // 获取SIM卡号                    String sim = getSim(ctx);                    strLog.append("SIM卡号:" + sim + "\r\n");                            // 获取基站信息                    SCell cellInfo = getCellInfo(ctx);                    String strCell = "";                    if (cellInfo != null) {                        strCell = cellInfo.toJSON().toString();                    }                    strLog.append("基站信息:" + strCell + "\r\n");                            // 获取Mac地址                    String mac = getMac(ctx);                    strLog.append("Mac地址:" + mac + "\r\n");                            System.out.println(strLog.toString());                } catch (Exception e) {                    e.printStackTrace();                }            }                    /**            * 获取应用包名称            */            public String getPackName(Context ctx) {                return ctx.getPackageName();            }                    /**            * 获取应用版本名称            */            public String getVerName(Context ctx, String packName) {                String verName = "";                try {                    verName = ctx.getPackageManager().getPackageInfo(packName, 0).versionName;                } catch (NameNotFoundException e) {                }                return verName;            }                    /**            * 获取应用版本号            */            public int getVerCode(Context context, String packName) {                int versionCode = 0;                try {                    versionCode = context.getPackageManager().getPackageInfo(packName,                            0).versionCode;                } catch (NameNotFoundException e) {                }                return versionCode;            }                    /**            * 获取应用名称            */            public String getAppName(Context ctx) {                String appName = "";                try {                    PackageManager packManager = ctx.getPackageManager();                    ApplicationInfo appInfo = ctx.getApplicationInfo();                    appName = (String) packManager.getApplicationLabel(appInfo);                } catch (Exception e) {                }                return appName;            }                    /**            * 获取手机型号            *             * android.os.Build提供以下信息:            *      String  BOARD   The name of the underlying board, like "goldfish".             *      String  BRAND   The brand (e.g., carrier) the software is customized for, if any.               *      String  DEVICE  The name of the industrial design.              *      String  FINGERPRINT     A string that uniquely identifies this build.               *      String  HOST                     *      String  ID  Either a changelist number, or a label like "M4-rc20".              *      String  MODEL   The end-user-visible name for the end product.              *      String  PRODUCT     The name of the overall product.                     *      String  TAGS    Comma-separated tags describing the build, like "unsigned,debug".                   *      long    TIME                         *      String  TYPE    The type of build, like "user" or "eng".                    *      String  USER                 */            public String getPhoneModel() {                return android.os.Build.MODEL;            }                    /**            * 获取手机号码,一般获取不到            *             * 用到的权限:             *  <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE" />            *             * 要想获取更多电话、数据、移动网络相关信息请查阅TelephonyManager资料            */            public String getLineNum(Context ctx) {                String strResult = "";                TelephonyManager telephonyManager = (TelephonyManager) ctx                        .getSystemService(Context.TELEPHONY_SERVICE);                if (telephonyManager != null) {                    strResult = telephonyManager.getLine1Number();                }                return strResult;            }                    /**            * 获取移动用户标志,IMSI            *             * 用到的权限:            *  <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE" />            */            public String getSubscriberId(Context ctx) {                String strResult = "";                TelephonyManager telephonyManager = (TelephonyManager) ctx                        .getSystemService(Context.TELEPHONY_SERVICE);                if (telephonyManager != null) {                    strResult = telephonyManager.getSubscriberId();                }                return strResult;            }                    /**            * 获取设备ID            *             * 用到的权限:            *  <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE" />            */            public String getDeviceID(Context ctx) {                String strResult = null;                TelephonyManager telephonyManager = (TelephonyManager) ctx                        .getSystemService(Context.TELEPHONY_SERVICE);                if (telephonyManager != null) {                    strResult = telephonyManager.getDeviceId();                }                if (strResult == null) {                    strResult = Secure.getString(ctx.getContentResolver(),                            Secure.ANDROID_ID);                }                return strResult;            }                    /**            * 获取SIM卡号            *             * 用到的权限:            *  <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE" />            */            public String getSim(Context ctx) {                String strResult = "";                TelephonyManager telephonyManager = (TelephonyManager) ctx                        .getSystemService(Context.TELEPHONY_SERVICE);                if (telephonyManager != null) {                    strResult = telephonyManager.getSimSerialNumber();                }                return strResult;            }                    /**            * 获取Wifi Mac地址            *             * 要想获取更多Wifi相关信息请查阅WifiInfo资料            *             * 用到的权限:            *  <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE" />            */            public String getMac(Context ctx) {                        WifiManager wifiManager = (WifiManager) ctx                        .getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);                if (wifiManager != null) {                    WifiInfo wi = wifiManager.getConnectionInfo();                    return wi.getMacAddress();                }                return null;            }                    /**            * 获取基站信息            *             * 用到的权限:             * <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE" />             * <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION" />            */            public SCell getCellInfo(Context ctx) {                SCell cell = new SCell();                TelephonyManager tm = null;                try {                    tm = (TelephonyManager) ctx                            .getSystemService(Context.TELEPHONY_SERVICE);                } catch (Exception e) {                    return null;                }                // IMSI号前面3位460是国家,紧接着后面2位00 02是中国移动,01是中国联通,03是中国电信。                String IMSI = tm.getSubscriberId();                        if (IMSI != null) {                    if (IMSI.startsWith("46000") || IMSI.startsWith("46002")) {                        cell.NETWORK_TYPE = "CHINA MOBILE";                                GsmCellLocation location = (GsmCellLocation) tm                                .getCellLocation();                        if (location == null) {                            cell = null;                        } else {                            String operator = tm.getNetworkOperator();                            if (operator.length() > 4) {                                int mcc = Integer.parseInt(operator.substring(0, 3));                                int mnc = Integer.parseInt(operator.substring(3));                                int cid = location.getCid();                                int lac = location.getLac();                                        cell.MCC = mcc;                                cell.MNC = mnc;                                cell.LAC = lac;                                cell.CID = cid;                            } else {                                cell = null;                            }                        }                    } else if (IMSI.startsWith("46001")) {                        cell.NETWORK_TYPE = "CHINA UNICOM";                                GsmCellLocation location = (GsmCellLocation) tm                                .getCellLocation();                        if (location == null) {                            cell = null;                        } else {                            String operator = tm.getNetworkOperator();                            if (operator.length() > 4) {                                int mcc = Integer.parseInt(operator.substring(0, 3));                                int mnc = Integer.parseInt(operator.substring(3));                                int cid = location.getCid();                                int lac = location.getLac();                                        cell.MCC = mcc;                                cell.MNC = mnc;                                cell.LAC = lac;                                cell.CID = cid;                            } else {                                cell = null;                            }                        }                    } else if (IMSI.startsWith("46003")) {                        cell.NETWORK_TYPE = "CHINA TELECOM";                                CdmaCellLocation location = (CdmaCellLocation) tm                                .getCellLocation();                        if (location == null) {                            cell = null;                        } else {                            String operator = tm.getNetworkOperator();                            if (operator.length() > 4) {                                int mcc = Integer.parseInt(operator.substring(0, 3));                                int mnc = Integer.parseInt(operator.substring(3));                                int cid = location.getBaseStationId();                                int lac = location.getNetworkId();                                        cell.MCC = mcc;                                cell.MNC = mnc;                                cell.LAC = lac;                                cell.CID = cid;                            } else {                                cell = null;                            }                        }                    } else {                        // cell.NETWORK_TYPE = "UNDENTIFIED";                        cell = null;                    }                } else {                    cell = null;                }                return cell;            }                    /**            * 基站信息            */            class SCell {                        public String NETWORK_TYPE;                        public int MCC;                        public int MNC;                        public int LAC;                        public int CID;                        public JSONObject toJSON() throws JSONException {                    JSONObject json = new JSONObject();                    json.put("network_type", NETWORK_TYPE);                    json.put("mcc", MCC);                    json.put("MNC", MNC);                    json.put("LAC", LAC);                    json.put("CID", CID);                    return json;                }            }                    @Override            public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {                // Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.                getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.activity_main, menu);                return true;            }                }