Python文本文件分割、PyLucene建立索引和索引搜索

jopen 6年前

主机平台:Ubuntu 13.04

Python版本:2.7.4
PyLucene版本:4.4.0


使用Python来做一个小的搜索引擎,一来是强化学习一下Pyhton语言,而来是学习一下搜索引擎实现原理。
在网上搜索了好久,网上的资料和书籍都是使用JAVA平台下的Lucene,而PyLucene是Lucene的Python实现。下面是官网的说明:
PyLucene is a  Python  extension for accessing Java  Lucene TM . Its goal is to allow you to use Lucene’s text indexing and searching capabilities from Python. It is API compatible with the latest version of Java Lucene, version 4.4.0
Pylucene是一个可以使用Lucene的扩展。它的目标是让你能够在Python中使用Lucene的索引和搜索。它的API和最新的JAVA Lucene是兼容的。

虽然官网说API是兼容的,但是对Python还不是很熟悉的情况下,感觉还是有点怵,慢慢摸索吧。

splitFiles.py
它实现了将大文本文件切割成50行的小文本文件。

#!/usr/bin/env python
import os
import sys
import os.path
def split(file):
    “”"split file to some small ones”"”
    if not os.path.isfile(file):
        print file,”is not a file”
        exit(1)
    txtfile=open(file,”r”)
    
    dirname=os.path.dirname(file)
    
    file_index=0
    
    line_cnt = 0
    outfile=open(dirname+”/output_%d”%file_index+’.txt’,'w’)
    for line in txtfile:
        if line_cnt < 50:
            outfile.write(line)
            line_cnt+=1
        else:
            outfile.close()
            file_index+=1
            outfile=open(dirname+”/output_%d”%file_index+’.txt’,'w’)
            line_cnt=0
    
    outfile.close()
    txtfile.close()
                
if __name__ == “__main__”:
    base_dir=os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(sys.argv[0]))
    root=os.path.join(base_dir,”txtfiles”)
    #print root
    for rootdir,dirnames,filenames in os.walk(root):
        for filename in filenames:
            if not filename.endswith(‘.txt’):
                continue
            txtname=rootdir+”/”+filename
            #print txtname
            split(txtname)

IndexFiles.py
它实现了将指定索引目录下的txt文件,并保存索引到指定的目录,供搜索使用。
#!/usr/bin/env python
INDEX_DIR = “IndexFiles.index”
import sys, os, lucene, threading, time
from datetime import datetime
from java.io import File
from org.apache.lucene.analysis.miscellaneous import LimitTokenCountAnalyzer
from org.apache.lucene.analysis.standard import StandardAnalyzer
from org.apache.lucene.document import Document, Field, FieldType
from org.apache.lucene.index import FieldInfo, IndexWriter, IndexWriterConfig
from org.apache.lucene.store import SimpleFSDirectory
from org.apache.lucene.util import Version
“”"
This class is loosely based on the Lucene (java implementation) demo class 
org.apache.lucene.demo.IndexFiles.  It will take a directory as an argument
and will index all of the files in that directory and downward recursively.
It will index on the file path, the file name and the file contents.  The
resulting Lucene index will be placed in the current directory and called
‘index’.
“”"
class Ticker(object):
    def __init__(self):
        self.tick = True
    def run(self):
        while self.tick:
            sys.stdout.write(‘.’)
            sys.stdout.flush()
            time.sleep(1.0)
class IndexFiles(object):
    “”"Usage: python IndexFiles ”"”
    def __init__(self, root, storeDir, analyzer):
        if not os.path.exists(storeDir):
            os.mkdir(storeDir)
        store = SimpleFSDirectory(File(storeDir))
        analyzer = LimitTokenCountAnalyzer(analyzer, 1000)#1048576
        config = IndexWriterConfig(Version.LUCENE_CURRENT, analyzer)
        config.setOpenMode(IndexWriterConfig.OpenMode.CREATE)
        writer = IndexWriter(store, config)
        self.indexDocs(root, writer)
        ticker = Ticker()
        print ‘commit index’,
        threading.Thread(target=ticker.run).start()
        writer.commit()
        writer.close()
        ticker.tick = False
        print ‘done’
    def indexDocs(self, root, writer):
        
        #Create a new FieldType with default properties.
        t1 = FieldType()
        t1.setIndexed(True)
        t1.setStored(True)
        t1.setTokenized(False)#True if this field’s value should be analyzed by the Analyzer.
        t1.setIndexOptions(FieldInfo.IndexOptions.DOCS_AND_FREQS)
        
        #Create a new FieldType with default properties.
        t2 = FieldType()
        t2.setIndexed(True)
        t2.setStored(True)
        t2.setTokenized(True)#True if this field’s value should be analyzed by the Analyzer.
        t2.setIndexOptions(FieldInfo.IndexOptions.DOCS_AND_FREQS_AND_POSITIONS_AND_OFFSETS)
        
        for root, dirnames, filenames in os.walk(root):
            for filename in filenames:
                if not filename.endswith(‘.txt’):
                    continue
                print “adding”, filename
                try:
                    path = os.path.join(root, filename)
                    file = open(path)
                    contents = file.read()
                    file.close()
                    doc = Document()
                    doc.add(Field(“name”, filename, t1))
                    doc.add(Field(“path”, root, t1))
                    if len(contents) > 0:
                        doc.add(Field(“contents”, contents, t2))
                        print “length of content is %d”%(len(contents))
                    else:
                        print “warning: no content in %s” % filename
                    writer.addDocument(doc)
                except Exception, e:
                    print “Failed in indexDocs:”, e
if __name__ == ‘__main__’:
    if len(sys.argv) < 1:
        print IndexFiles.__doc__
        sys.exit(1)
    lucene.initVM(vmargs=['-Djava.awt.headless=true'])
    print ‘lucene’, lucene.VERSION
    start = datetime.now()
    try:
        base_dir = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(sys.argv[0]))
        print base_dir
        print os.path.abspath(sys.argv[0])
        
        IndexFiles(“./txtfiles”, os.path.join(base_dir, INDEX_DIR),
                   StandardAnalyzer(Version.LUCENE_CURRENT))
        end = datetime.now()
        print end – start
    except Exception, e:
        print “Failed: “, e
        raise e
SearchFile.py
它就是搜索前面生成的索引,输入搜索结果。
#!/usr/bin/env python
INDEX_DIR = “IndexFiles.index”
import sys, os, lucene
from java.io import File
from org.apache.lucene.analysis.standard import StandardAnalyzer
from org.apache.lucene.index import DirectoryReader
from org.apache.lucene.index import Term
from org.apache.lucene.queryparser.classic import QueryParser
from org.apache.lucene.store import SimpleFSDirectory
from org.apache.lucene.search import IndexSearcher
from org.apache.lucene.search import Query, TermQuery
from org.apache.lucene.util import Version
“”"
This script is loosely based on the Lucene (java implementation) demo class 
org.apache.lucene.demo.SearchFiles.  It will prompt for a search query, then it
will search the Lucene index in the current directory called ‘index’ for the
search query entered against the ‘contents’ field.  It will then display the
‘path’ and ‘name’ fields for each of the hits it finds in the index.  Note that
search.close() is currently commented out because it causes a stack overflow in
some cases.
“”"
def run(searcher, analyzer):
    while True:
        print
        print “Hit enter with no input to quit.”
        command = raw_input(“Query:”)
        if command == ”:
            return
        print
        print “Searching for:”, command
        “”"
        query = QueryParser(Version.LUCENE_CURRENT, “contents”,
                            analyzer).parse(command)
        “”"
        query = TermQuery(Term(“contents”, command))
        hits = searcher.search(query,10000)
        print “%s total matching documents.” % hits.totalHits
        print “Max score:”,hits.getMaxScore()
        for hit in hits.scoreDocs:
            doc = searcher.doc(hit.doc)
            print ‘URI:’,doc.getField(“path”).stringValue()
            print ‘File:’,doc.getField(‘name’).stringValue()
            #print ‘Digest:’,doc.getField(‘contents’).stringValue()
            print ‘Health:’,hit.score

if __name__ == ‘__main__’:
    lucene.initVM(vmargs=['-Djava.awt.headless=true'])
    print ‘lucene’, lucene.VERSION
    base_dir = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(sys.argv[0]))
    directory = SimpleFSDirectory(File(os.path.join(base_dir, INDEX_DIR)))
    searcher = IndexSearcher(DirectoryReader.open(directory))
    analyzer = StandardAnalyzer(Version.LUCENE_CURRENT)
    run(searcher, analyzer)
    del searcher

下面是建立索引部分结果输出:
Python文本文件分割、PyLucene建立索引和索引搜索
下面是搜索的部分结果输出:
Python文本文件分割、PyLucene建立索引和索引搜索