OpenStack Grizzly 安装指南

jopen 8年前

OpenStack Grizzly 安装指南

Version: 1.0
Source: https://github.com/ist0ne/OpenStack-Grizzly-Install-Guide-CN
Keywords: 单节点OpenStack安装, Grizzly, Quantum, Nova, Keystone, Glance, Horizon, Cinder, LinuxBridge, KVM, Ubuntu Server 12.04 (64 bits).

作者

Shi Dongliang <istone2008@gmail.com>

本指南fork自 Bilel Msekni 的git仓库。向第一作者致敬!

内容列表

0. 简介  1. 测试环境  2. 准备宿主机  3. 设置Keystone  4. 设置Glance  5. 设置Quantum  6. 设置Nova  7. 设置Cinder  8. 设置Horizon  9. 你的第一个VM

0. 简介

OpenStack Grizzly安装指南旨在让你轻松创建自己的OpenStack云平台。

状态: Stable

1. 测试环境

节点角色: NICs
单节点: eth0 (10.10.100.51), eth1 (192.168.100.51)

注意1: 多节点部署键OVS_MultiNode分支

注意2: 你总是可以使用dpkg -s <packagename>确认你使用的是grizzly软件包(版本: 2013.1)

注意3: 这个是当前网络架构

687474703a2f2f692e696d6775722e636f6d2f4a794d6f6b69592e6a7067.jpg

2. 准备节点

2.1. 准备Ubuntu

  • 安装好Ubuntu 12.04 Server 64bits后, 进入sudo模式直到完成本指南:

    sudo su -
  • 添加Grizzly仓库:

    apt-get install ubuntu-cloud-keyring python-software-properties software-properties-common python-keyring  echo deb http://ubuntu-cloud.archive.canonical.com/ubuntu precise-updates/grizzly main >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/grizzly.list
  • 升级系统:

    apt-get update  apt-get upgrade  apt-get dist-upgrade

2.2.设置网络

  • 如下编辑网卡配置文件/etc/network/interfaces:

    #Not internet connected(used for OpenStack management)  auto eth0  iface eth0 inet static  address 10.10.100.51  netmask 255.255.255.0    #For Exposing OpenStack API over the internet  auto eth1  iface eth1 inet static  address 192.168.100.51  netmask 255.255.255.0  gateway 192.168.100.1  dns-nameservers 8.8.8.8
  • 重启网络服务:

    service networking restart

2.3. 安装MySQL和RabbitMQ

  • 安装MySQL并为root用户设置密码:

    apt-get install -y mysql-server python-mysqldb
  • 配置mysql监听所有网络接口请求:

    sed -i 's/127.0.0.1/0.0.0.0/g' /etc/mysql/my.cnf  service mysql restart
  • 安装RabbitMQ:

    apt-get install -y rabbitmq-server
  • 安装NTP服务:

    apt-get install -y ntp
</div>

3. 配置Keystone

  • 安装keystone软件包:

    apt-get install -y keystone
  • 确认keystone在运行:

    service keystone status
  • 为keystone创建MySQL数据库:

    mysql -u root -p  CREATE DATABASE keystone;  GRANT ALL ON keystone.* TO 'keystoneUser'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'keystonePass';  quit;
  • 在/etc/keystone/keystone.conf中设置连接到新创建的数据库:

    connection = mysql://keystoneUser:keystonePass@10.10.100.51/keystone
  • 重启身份认证服务并同步数据库:

    service keystone restart  keystone-manage db_sync
  • 使用git仓库中脚本填充keystone数据库: 脚本文件夹

    #注意在执行脚本前请按你的网卡配置修改HOST_IP和HOST_IP_EXT    wget https://raw.github.com/ist0ne/OpenStack-Grizzly-Install-Guide-CN/master/KeystoneScripts/keystone_basic.sh  wget https://raw.github.com/ist0ne/OpenStack-Grizzly-Install-Guide-CN/master/KeystoneScripts/keystone_endpoints_basic.sh    chmod +x keystone_basic.sh  chmod +x keystone_endpoints_basic.sh    ./keystone_basic.sh  ./keystone_endpoints_basic.sh
  • 创建一个简单的凭据文件,这样稍后就不会因为输入过多的环境变量而感到厌烦:

    vi creds-admin    #Paste the following:  export OS_TENANT_NAME=admin  export OS_USERNAME=admin  export OS_PASSWORD=admin_pass  export OS_AUTH_URL="http://192.168.100.51:5000/v2.0/"    # Load it:  source creds-admin
  • 通过命令行列出Keystone中添加的用户:

    keystone user-list

4. 设置Glance

  • 安装Glance:

    apt-get install -y glance
  • 确保glance服务在运行:

    service glance-api status  service glance-registry status
  • 为Glance创建MySQL数据库:

    mysql -u root -p  CREATE DATABASE glance;  GRANT ALL ON glance.* TO 'glanceUser'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'glancePass';  quit;
  • 按下面更新/etc/glance/glance-api-paste.ini:

    [filter:authtoken]  paste.filter_factory = keystoneclient.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory  delay_auth_decision = true  auth_host = 10.10.100.51  auth_port = 35357  auth_protocol = http  admin_tenant_name = service  admin_user = glance  admin_password = service_pass
  • 按下面更新/etc/glance/glance-registry-paste.ini:

    [filter:authtoken]  paste.filter_factory = keystoneclient.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory  auth_host = 10.10.100.51  auth_port = 35357  auth_protocol = http  admin_tenant_name = service  admin_user = glance  admin_password = service_pass
  • 按下面更新/etc/glance/glance-api.conf:

    sql_connection = mysql://glanceUser:glancePass@10.10.100.51/glance
  • 和:

    [paste_deploy]  flavor = keystone
  • 按下面更新/etc/glance/glance-registry.conf:

    sql_connection = mysql://glanceUser:glancePass@10.10.100.51/glance
  • 和:

    [paste_deploy]  flavor = keystone
  • 重启glance-api和glance-registry服务:

    service glance-api restart; service glance-registry restart
  • 同步glance数据库:

    glance-manage db_sync
  • 重启服务使配置生效:

    service glance-registry restart; service glance-api restart
  • 测试Glance, 从网络上传cirros云镜像:

    glance image-create --name cirros --is-public true --container-format bare --disk-format qcow2 --location https://launchpad.net/cirros/trunk/0.3.0/+download/cirros-0.3.0-x86_64-disk.img    注意:通过此镜像创建的虚拟机可通过用户名/密码登陆, 用户名:cirros 密码:cubswin:)
  • 本地创建Ubuntu云镜像:

    wget http://cloud-images.ubuntu.com/precise/current/precise-server-cloudimg-amd64-disk1.img  glance add name="Ubuntu 12.04 cloudimg amd64" is_public=true container_format=ovf disk_format=qcow2 < ./precise-server-cloudimg-amd64-disk1.img
  • 列出镜像检查是否上传成功:

    glance image-list

5. 设置Quantum

5.2. Quantum-*

  • 安装Quantum组件:

    apt-get install -y quantum-server quantum-plugin-linuxbridge quantum-plugin-linuxbridge-agent dnsmasq quantum-dhcp-agent quantum-l3-agent
  • 创建数据库:

    mysql -u root -p  CREATE DATABASE quantum;  GRANT ALL ON quantum.* TO 'quantumUser'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'quantumPass';  quit;
  • 确认Quantum组件在运行:

    cd /etc/init.d/; for i in $( ls quantum-* ); do sudo service $i status; done
  • 编辑/etc/quantum/api-paste.ini

    [filter:authtoken]  paste.filter_factory = keystoneclient.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory  auth_host = 10.10.100.51  auth_port = 35357  auth_protocol = http  admin_tenant_name = service  admin_user = quantum  admin_password = service_pass
  • 编辑OVS配置文件/etc/quantum/plugins/linuxbridge/linuxbridge_conf.ini:

    # under [DATABASE] section  sql_connection = mysql://quantumUser:quantumPass@10.10.100.51/quantum  # under [LINUX_BRIDGE] section  physical_interface_mappings = physnet1:eth1  # under [VLANS] section  tenant_network_type = vlan  network_vlan_ranges = physnet1:1000:2999
  • 更新/etc/quantum/metadata_agent.ini:

    # The Quantum user information for accessing the Quantum API.  auth_url = http://10.10.100.51:35357/v2.0  auth_region = RegionOne  admin_tenant_name = service  admin_user = quantum  admin_password = service_pass    # IP address used by Nova metadata server  nova_metadata_ip = 10.10.100.51    # TCP Port used by Nova metadata server  nova_metadata_port = 8775    metadata_proxy_shared_secret = helloOpenStack
  • 编辑/etc/quantum/quantum.conf:

    core_plugin = quantum.plugins.linuxbridge.lb_quantum_plugin.LinuxBridgePluginV2    [keystone_authtoken]  auth_host = 10.10.100.51  auth_port = 35357  auth_protocol = http  admin_tenant_name = service  admin_user = quantum  admin_password = service_pass  signing_dir = /var/lib/quantum/keystone-signing
  • 编辑/etc/quantum/l3_agent.ini:

    [DEFAULT]  interface_driver = quantum.agent.linux.interface.BridgeInterfaceDriver  use_namespaces = True  external_network_bridge = br-ex  signing_dir = /var/cache/quantum  admin_tenant_name = service  admin_user = quantum  admin_password = service_pass  auth_url = http://10.10.100.51:35357/v2.0  l3_agent_manager = quantum.agent.l3_agent.L3NATAgentWithStateReport  root_helper = sudo quantum-rootwrap /etc/quantum/rootwrap.conf
  • 编辑/etc/quantum/dhcp_agent.ini:

    [DEFAULT]  interface_driver = quantum.agent.linux.interface.BridgeInterfaceDriver  dhcp_driver = quantum.agent.linux.dhcp.Dnsmasq  use_namespaces = True  signing_dir = /var/cache/quantum  admin_tenant_name = service  admin_user = quantum  admin_password = service_pass  auth_url = http://10.10.100.51:35357/v2.0  dhcp_agent_manager = quantum.agent.dhcp_agent.DhcpAgentWithStateReport  root_helper = sudo quantum-rootwrap /etc/quantum/rootwrap.conf  state_path = /var/lib/quantum
  • 重启quantum所有服务:

    cd /etc/init.d/; for i in $( ls quantum-* ); do sudo service $i restart; done  service dnsmasq restart

*注意: 如果有服务运行在53端口,'dnsmasq'重启失败。 你可以kill掉那个服务器后再重启'dnsmasq'

</div>

6. 设置Nova

6.1 KVM

  • 确保你的硬件启用virtualization:

    apt-get install cpu-checker  kvm-ok
  • 现在安装kvm并配置它:

    apt-get install -y kvm libvirt-bin pm-utils
  • 在/etc/libvirt/qemu.conf配置文件中启用cgroup_device_acl数组:

    cgroup_device_acl = [  "/dev/null", "/dev/full", "/dev/zero",  "/dev/random", "/dev/urandom",  "/dev/ptmx", "/dev/kvm", "/dev/kqemu",  "/dev/rtc", "/dev/hpet","/dev/net/tun"  ]
  • 删除默认的虚拟网桥

    virsh net-destroy default  virsh net-undefine default
  • 更新/etc/libvirt/libvirtd.conf配置文件:

    listen_tls = 0  listen_tcp = 1  auth_tcp = "none"
  • E编辑libvirtd_opts变量在/etc/init/libvirt-bin.conf配置文件中:

    env libvirtd_opts="-d -l"
  • 编辑/etc/default/libvirt-bin文件

    libvirtd_opts="-d -l"
  • 重启libvirt服务使配置生效:

    service libvirt-bin restart

6.2 Nova-*

  • 安装nova组件:

    apt-get install -y nova-api nova-cert novnc nova-consoleauth nova-scheduler nova-novncproxy nova-doc nova-conductor nova-compute-kvm    注意:如果你的宿主机不支持kvm虚拟化,可把nova-compute-kvm换成nova-compute-qemu  同时/etc/nova/nova-compute.conf配置文件中的libvirt_type=qemu
  • 检查nova服务是否正常启动:

    cd /etc/init.d/; for i in $( ls nova-* ); do service $i status; cd; done
  • 为Nova创建Mysql数据库:

    mysql -u root -p  CREATE DATABASE nova;  GRANT ALL ON nova.* TO 'novaUser'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'novaPass';  quit;
  • 在/etc/nova/api-paste.ini配置文件中修改认证信息:

    [filter:authtoken]  paste.filter_factory = keystoneclient.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory  auth_host = 10.10.100.51  auth_port = 35357  auth_protocol = http  admin_tenant_name = service  admin_user = nova  admin_password = service_pass  signing_dirname = /tmp/keystone-signing-nova  # Workaround for https://bugs.launchpad.net/nova/+bug/1154809  auth_version = v2.0
  • 如下修改/etc/nova/nova.conf:

    [DEFAULT]  logdir=/var/log/nova  state_path=/var/lib/nova  lock_path=/run/lock/nova  verbose=True  api_paste_config=/etc/nova/api-paste.ini  compute_scheduler_driver=nova.scheduler.simple.SimpleScheduler  rabbit_host=10.10.100.51  nova_url=http://10.10.100.51:8774/v1.1/  sql_connection=mysql://novaUser:novaPass@10.10.100.51/nova  root_helper=sudo nova-rootwrap /etc/nova/rootwrap.conf    # Auth  use_deprecated_auth=false  auth_strategy=keystone    # Imaging service  glance_api_servers=10.10.100.51:9292  image_service=nova.image.glance.GlanceImageService    # Vnc configuration  novnc_enabled=true  novncproxy_base_url=http://192.168.100.51:6080/vnc_auto.html  novncproxy_port=6080  vncserver_proxyclient_address=10.10.100.51  vncserver_listen=0.0.0.0    # Metadata  service_quantum_metadata_proxy = True  quantum_metadata_proxy_shared_secret = helloOpenStack    # Network settings  network_api_class=nova.network.quantumv2.api.API  quantum_url=http://10.10.100.51:9696  quantum_auth_strategy=keystone  quantum_admin_tenant_name=service  quantum_admin_username=quantum  quantum_admin_password=service_pass  quantum_admin_auth_url=http://10.10.100.51:35357/v2.0  libvirt_vif_driver=nova.virt.libvirt.vif.QuantumLinuxBridgeVIFDriver  linuxnet_interface_driver=nova.network.linux_net.LinuxBridgeInterfaceDriver  firewall_driver=nova.virt.libvirt.firewall.IptablesFirewallDriver    # Compute #  compute_driver=libvirt.LibvirtDriver    # Cinder #  volume_api_class=nova.volume.cinder.API  osapi_volume_listen_port=5900
  • 修改/etc/nova/nova-compute.conf:

    [DEFAULT]  libvirt_type=kvm  compute_driver=libvirt.LibvirtDriver  libvirt_vif_type=ethernet  libvirt_vif_driver=nova.virt.libvirt.vif.QuantumLinuxBridgeVIFDriver
  • 同步数据库:

    nova-manage db sync
  • 重启所有nova服务:

    cd /etc/init.d/; for i in $( ls nova-* ); do sudo service $i restart; done
  • 检查所有nova服务是否启动正常:

    nova-manage service list
</div>

7. 设置Cinder

  • 安装软件包:

    apt-get install -y cinder-api cinder-scheduler cinder-volume iscsitarget open-iscsi iscsitarget-dkms
  • 配置iscsi服务:

    sed -i 's/false/true/g' /etc/default/iscsitarget
  • 重启服务:

    service iscsitarget start  service open-iscsi start
  • 为Cinder创建Mysql数据库:

    mysql -u root -p  CREATE DATABASE cinder;  GRANT ALL ON cinder.* TO 'cinderUser'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'cinderPass';  quit;
  • 如下配置/etc/cinder/api-paste.ini:

    [filter:authtoken]  paste.filter_factory = keystoneclient.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory  service_protocol = http  service_host = 192.168.100.51  service_port = 5000  auth_host = 10.10.100.51  auth_port = 35357  auth_protocol = http  admin_tenant_name = service  admin_user = cinder  admin_password = service_pass
  • 编辑/etc/cinder/cinder.conf:

    [DEFAULT]  rootwrap_config=/etc/cinder/rootwrap.conf  sql_connection = mysql://cinderUser:cinderPass@10.10.100.51/cinder  api_paste_config = /etc/cinder/api-paste.ini  iscsi_helper=ietadm  volume_name_template = volume-%s  volume_group = cinder-volumes  verbose = True  auth_strategy = keystone  #osapi_volume_listen_port=5900
  • 接下来同步数据库:

    cinder-manage db sync
  • 最后别忘了创建一个卷组命名为cinder-volumes:

    dd if=/dev/zero of=cinder-volumes bs=1 count=0 seek=2G  losetup /dev/loop2 cinder-volumes  fdisk /dev/loop2  #Type in the followings:  n  p  1  ENTER  ENTER  t  8e  w
  • 创建物理卷和卷组:

    pvcreate /dev/loop2  vgcreate cinder-volumes /dev/loop2

注意: 重启后卷组不会自动挂载 (点击`这个 <https://github.com/mseknibilel/OpenStack-Folsom-Install-guide/blob/master/Tricks%26Ideas/load_volume_group_after_system_reboot.rst>`_ 设置在重启后自动挂载) 重启cinder服务:

cd /etc/init.d/; for i in $( ls cinder-* ); do sudo service $i restart; done
  • 确认cinder服务在运行:

    cd /etc/init.d/; for i in $( ls cinder-* ); do sudo service $i status; done

8. 设置Horizon

  • 如下安装horizon

    apt-get install openstack-dashboard memcached
  • 如果你不喜欢OpenStack ubuntu主题, 你可以停用它:

    dpkg --purge openstack-dashboard-ubuntu-theme
  • 重启Apache和memcached服务:

    service apache2 restart; service memcached restart

现在你可以访问OpenStack 192.168.100.51/horizon ,使用 admin:admin_pass 认证.

9. 创建虚拟机

网络拓扑如下:

http://i.imgur.com/WdRDVZJ.png

9.1. 为admin租户创建内网、外网、路由器和虚拟机

  • 设置环境变量:

    # cat creds-admin    export OS_TENANT_NAME=admin  export OS_USERNAME=admin  export OS_PASSWORD=admin_pass  export OS_AUTH_URL="http://192.168.100.51:5000/v2.0/"
  • 使环境变量生效:

    # source creds-admin
  • 列出已创建的用户:

    # keystone user-list    +----------------------------------+---------+---------+------------------+  |                id                |   name  | enabled |      email       |  +----------------------------------+---------+---------+------------------+  | c815f963fef54f37b0ac84a6a7eca8b4 |  admin  |   True  |  admin@leju.com  |  | f30d6d67936e41869117b42e5403255c |  cinder |   True  | cinder@leju.com  |  | 5ec7e55586004aabb6a9ecc8247ba751 |  glance |   True  | glance@leju.com  |  | 197c373a254749f2b5cec7c91ef14c88 |   nova  |   True  |  nova@leju.com   |  | 8fec2c89a87d43f19c9e7d487001efa3 | quantum |   True  | quantum@leju.com |  +----------------------------------+---------+---------+------------------+
  • 列出已创建的租户:

    # keystone tenant-list    +----------------------------------+---------+---------+  |                id                |   name  | enabled |  +----------------------------------+---------+---------+  | 8c0104041b034df3a79c17a9517dd3f9 |  admin  |   True  |  | 2b376839187441c5888d35411e8ff8b0 | service |   True  |  +----------------------------------+---------+---------+
  • 为admin租户创建网络:

    # quantum net-create --tenant-id 8c0104041b034df3a79c17a9517dd3f9 net_admin    Created a new network:  +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+  | Field                     | Value                                |  +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+  | admin_state_up            | True                                 |  | id                        | fed2d721-41d1-428f-b0a3-41ac8f7a51a1 |  | name                      | net_admin                            |  | provider:network_type     | gre                                  |  | provider:physical_network |                                      |  | provider:segmentation_id  | 1                                    |  | router:external           | False                                |  | shared                    | False                                |  | status                    | ACTIVE                               |  | subnets                   |                                      |  | tenant_id                 | 8c0104041b034df3a79c17a9517dd3f9     |  +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+

# 为admin租户创建子网:

# quantum subnet-create --tenant-id 8c0104041b034df3a79c17a9517dd3f9 net_admin 172.16.100.0/24    Created a new subnet:  +------------------+----------------------------------------------------+  | Field            | Value                                              |  +------------------+----------------------------------------------------+  | allocation_pools | {"start": "172.16.100.2", "end": "172.16.100.254"} |  | cidr             | 172.16.100.0/24                                    |  | dns_nameservers  |                                                    |  | enable_dhcp      | True                                               |  | gateway_ip       | 172.16.100.1                                       |  | host_routes      |                                                    |  | id               | fb141492-8aa1-437b-8192-315e19e7f4d2               |  | ip_version       | 4                                                  |  | name             |                                                    |  | network_id       | fed2d721-41d1-428f-b0a3-41ac8f7a51a1               |  | tenant_id        | 8c0104041b034df3a79c17a9517dd3f9                   |  +------------------+----------------------------------------------------+
  • 为admin租户创建路由器:

    # quantum router-create --tenant-id 8c0104041b034df3a79c17a9517dd3f9 router_admin    Created a new router:  +-----------------------+--------------------------------------+  | Field                 | Value                                |  +-----------------------+--------------------------------------+  | admin_state_up        | True                                 |  | external_gateway_info |                                      |  | id                    | 76d8ac10-a6df-4dfa-b691-297da374c811 |  | name                  | router_admin                         |  | status                | ACTIVE                               |  | tenant_id             | 8c0104041b034df3a79c17a9517dd3f9     |  +-----------------------+--------------------------------------+
  • 列出路由代理类型:

    # quantum agent-list    +--------------------------------------+--------------------+-----------+-------+----------------+  | id                                   | agent_type         | host      | alive | admin_state_up |  +--------------------------------------+--------------------+-----------+-------+----------------+  | 2b68d118-c4bb-44a0-8387-678c5bdb1653 | L3 agent           | openstack | :-)   | True           |  | 7b42460c-cffd-494f-94b1-c6b4f3b5e102 | DHCP agent         | openstack | :-)   | True           |  | e443fbf2-398c-47ab-89d9-5d9907217379 | Open vSwitch agent | openstack | :-)   | True           |  +--------------------------------------+--------------------+-----------+-------+----------------+
  • 将router_admin设置为L3代理类型:

    # quantum l3-agent-router-add 2b68d118-c4bb-44a0-8387-678c5bdb1653 router_admin    Added router router_admin to L3 agent
  • 将net_admin子网与router_admin路由关联:

    # quantum router-interface-add 76d8ac10-a6df-4dfa-b691-297da374c811 fb141492-8aa1-437b-8192-315e19e7f4d2    Added interface to router 76d8ac10-a6df-4dfa-b691-297da374c811
  • 创建外网net_external,注意设置--router:external=True:

    # quantum net-create net_external --router:external=True --shared    Created a new network:  +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+  | Field                     | Value                                |  +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+  | admin_state_up            | True                                 |  | id                        | 7a7acad8-cabf-49f8-804f-ce6871d9cd63 |  | name                      | net_external                         |  | provider:network_type     | gre                                  |  | provider:physical_network |                                      |  | provider:segmentation_id  | 2                                    |  | router:external           | True                                 |  | shared                    | True                                 |  | status                    | ACTIVE                               |  | subnets                   |                                      |  | tenant_id                 | 8c0104041b034df3a79c17a9517dd3f9     |  +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
  • 为net_external创建子网,注意设置的gateway必须在给到的网段内:

    # quantum subnet-create net_external --gateway 192.168.100.1 192.168.100.0/24 --enable_dhcp=False    Created a new subnet:  +------------------+------------------------------------------------------+  | Field            | Value                                                |  +------------------+------------------------------------------------------+  | allocation_pools | {"start": "192.168.100.2", "end": "192.168.100.254"} |  | cidr             | 192.168.100.0/24                                     |  | dns_nameservers  |                                                      |  | enable_dhcp      | False                                                |  | gateway_ip       | 192.168.100.1                                        |  | host_routes      |                                                      |  | id               | 837ad514-3c05-4357-9a36-0b18adcfb354                 |  | ip_version       | 4                                                    |  | name             |                                                      |  | network_id       | 7a7acad8-cabf-49f8-804f-ce6871d9cd63                 |  | tenant_id        | 8c0104041b034df3a79c17a9517dd3f9                     |  +------------------+------------------------------------------------------+
  • 将net_external与router_admin路由器关联:

    # quantum router-gateway-set router_admin net_external    Set gateway for router router_admin
  • 创建floating ip:

    # quantum floatingip-create net_external    Created a new floatingip:  +---------------------+--------------------------------------+  | Field               | Value                                |  +---------------------+--------------------------------------+  | fixed_ip_address    |                                      |  | floating_ip_address | 192.168.100.3                        |  | floating_network_id | 7a7acad8-cabf-49f8-804f-ce6871d9cd63 |  | id                  | 15bb69fa-972d-4e86-91fc-250dc1b20fe2 |  | port_id             |                                      |  | router_id           |                                      |  | tenant_id           | 8c0104041b034df3a79c17a9517dd3f9     |  +---------------------+--------------------------------------+    # quantum floatingip-create net_external    Created a new floatingip:  +---------------------+--------------------------------------+  | Field               | Value                                |  +---------------------+--------------------------------------+  | fixed_ip_address    |                                      |  | floating_ip_address | 192.168.100.4                        |  | floating_network_id | 7a7acad8-cabf-49f8-804f-ce6871d9cd63 |  | id                  | 561e3530-d543-427f-986a-aaff64cb1a87 |  | port_id             |                                      |  | router_id           |                                      |  | tenant_id           | 8c0104041b034df3a79c17a9517dd3f9     |  +---------------------+--------------------------------------+
  • 为admin租户创建虚拟机并关联floating ip(可通过web界面创建虚拟机并关联floating ip):

    注意:如下生成秘钥对,并上传ssh公钥:  # ssh-keygen  Generating public/private rsa key pair.  Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa):  Created directory '/root/.ssh'.  Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):  Enter same passphrase again:  Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.  Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.  The key fingerprint is:  ab:dc:48:ae:a6:12:d5:8b:db:cf:7c:31:c1:4a:03:39 root@grizzly  The key's randomart image is:  +--[ RSA 2048]----+  |     .           |  |    E            |  |   . o .         |  |  . . o o        |  | . . o oS.       |  |. . . . o.       |  | . o  . .o       |  |. . o* +.        |  | ..o.oO..        |  +-----------------+    # nova keypair-add --pub_key /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub nova-key    上传公钥后便可以通过 ssh -i /root/.ssh/id_rsa cirros@192.168.100.3 登陆cirros虚拟机。    # nova list    +--------------------------------------+-----------------+--------+---------------------------------------+  | ID                                   | Name            | Status | Networks                              |  +--------------------------------------+-----------------+--------+---------------------------------------+  | fb4c93a0-fc83-4779-b85f-d7326c238c94 | ubuntu.vm.admin | ACTIVE | net_admin=172.16.100.4, 192.168.100.4 |  | 5b918d39-1ac9-4a76-83d5-8b32a29ed3fe | vm.admin        | ACTIVE | net_admin=172.16.100.3, 192.168.100.3 |  +--------------------------------------+-----------------+--------+---------------------------------------+

9.1. 创建leju.com租户、内网、路由器和虚拟机并关联外网

  • 创建leju.com租户:

    # keystone tenant-create --name leju.com    +-------------+----------------------------------+  |   Property  |              Value               |  +-------------+----------------------------------+  | description |                                  |  |   enabled   |               True               |  |      id     | 5585ffbad86d495d88b5f95729b1dc60 |  |     name    |             leju.com             |  +-------------+----------------------------------+
  • 在leju.com租户中创建dongliang用户:

    # keystone user-create --name=dongliang --pass=123456 --tenant-id=5585ffbad86d495d88b5f95729b1dc60 --email=dongliang@leju.com    +----------+----------------------------------+  | Property |              Value               |  +----------+----------------------------------+  |  email   |        dongliang@leju.com        |  | enabled  |               True               |  |    id    | 21efde97763147718fee478634cd3e70 |  |   name   |            dongliang             |  | tenantId | 5585ffbad86d495d88b5f95729b1dc60 |  +----------+----------------------------------+
  • 列出预定义的角色:

    # keystone role-list    +----------------------------------+----------------------+  |                id                |         name         |  +----------------------------------+----------------------+  | b90f2f8f84c4454f800f053dd5b6a54e |    KeystoneAdmin     |  | 0ba9be2eb2c145ffb90def5a75646ed2 | KeystoneServiceAdmin |  | b7e97eecf8cd4d6aa6f4091206ad6282 |        Member        |  | 9fe2ff9ee4384b1894a90878d3e92bab |       _member_       |  | 47eda7948e5d430bad3ce937fb00dc3b |        admin         |  +----------------------------------+----------------------+
  • 为用户dongliang添加角色:

    # keystone user-role-add --tenant-id 5585ffbad86d495d88b5f95729b1dc60 --user-id 21efde97763147718fee478634cd3e70 --role-id 47eda7948e5d430bad3ce937fb00dc3b
  • 为leju.com租户创建网络:

    # quantum net-create --tenant-id 5585ffbad86d495d88b5f95729b1dc60 net_leju_com    Created a new network:  +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+  | Field                     | Value                                |  +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+  | admin_state_up            | True                                 |  | id                        | 599e5a95-ff7f-49e5-9930-03e99e3a2d8d |  | name                      | net_leju_com                         |  | provider:network_type     | gre                                  |  | provider:physical_network |                                      |  | provider:segmentation_id  | 3                                    |  | router:external           | False                                |  | shared                    | False                                |  | status                    | ACTIVE                               |  | subnets                   |                                      |  | tenant_id                 | 5585ffbad86d495d88b5f95729b1dc60     |  +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
  • 为leju.com租户创建子网:

    # quantum subnet-create --tenant-id 5585ffbad86d495d88b5f95729b1dc60 net_leju_com 172.16.200.0/24    Created a new subnet:  +------------------+----------------------------------------------------+  | Field            | Value                                              |  +------------------+----------------------------------------------------+  | allocation_pools | {"start": "172.16.200.2", "end": "172.16.200.254"} |  | cidr             | 172.16.200.0/24                                    |  | dns_nameservers  |                                                    |  | enable_dhcp      | True                                               |  | gateway_ip       | 172.16.200.1                                       |  | host_routes      |                                                    |  | id               | dbb59749-8f05-474d-b26d-745254a22669               |  | ip_version       | 4                                                  |  | name             |                                                    |  | network_id       | 599e5a95-ff7f-49e5-9930-03e99e3a2d8d               |  | tenant_id        | 5585ffbad86d495d88b5f95729b1dc60                   |  +------------------+----------------------------------------------------+
  • 为leju.com租户创建路由器:

    # quantum router-create --tenant-id 5585ffbad86d495d88b5f95729b1dc60 router_leju_com    Created a new router:  +-----------------------+--------------------------------------+  | Field                 | Value                                |  +-----------------------+--------------------------------------+  | admin_state_up        | True                                 |  | external_gateway_info |                                      |  | id                    | 451a6166-d082-4f02-8f37-07703a8118ab |  | name                  | router_leju_com                      |  | status                | ACTIVE                               |  | tenant_id             | 5585ffbad86d495d88b5f95729b1dc60     |  +-----------------------+--------------------------------------+
  • 列出代理列表:

    quantum agent-list    +--------------------------------------+--------------------+-----------+-------+----------------+  | id                                   | agent_type         | host      | alive | admin_state_up |  +--------------------------------------+--------------------+-----------+-------+----------------+  | 2b68d118-c4bb-44a0-8387-678c5bdb1653 | L3 agent           | openstack | :-)   | True           |  | 7b42460c-cffd-494f-94b1-c6b4f3b5e102 | DHCP agent         | openstack | :-)   | True           |  | e443fbf2-398c-47ab-89d9-5d9907217379 | Open vSwitch agent | openstack | :-)   | True           |  +--------------------------------------+--------------------+-----------+-------+----------------+
  • 设置路由器使用L3代理:

    # quantum l3-agent-router-add 2b68d118-c4bb-44a0-8387-678c5bdb1653 router_leju_com    Added router router_leju_com to L3 agent
  • 连接net_leju_com到router_leju_com:

    # quantum router-interface-add 451a6166-d082-4f02-8f37-07703a8118ab dbb59749-8f05-474d-b26d-745254a22669    Added interface to router 451a6166-d082-4f02-8f37-07703a8118ab
  • 设置net_leju_com外网网关:

    # quantum router-gateway-set 451a6166-d082-4f02-8f37-07703a8118ab net_external    Set gateway for router 451a6166-d082-4f02-8f37-07703a8118ab
  • 设置leju.com租户环境变量:

    # cat creds-dongliang    export OS_TENANT_NAME=leju.com  export OS_USERNAME=dongliang  export OS_PASSWORD=123456  export OS_AUTH_URL="http://192.168.100.51:5000/v2.0/"
  • 用dongliang用户登陆web界面,创建虚拟主机vm.leju.com

  • 使变量生效:

    source creds-dongliang
  • 列出虚拟主机:

    # nova list    +--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+---------------------------+  | ID                                   | Name        | Status | Networks                  |  +--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+---------------------------+  | eefc20a9-251c-44de-99ee-179463cb7aca | vm.leju.com | ACTIVE | net_leju_com=172.16.200.2 |  +--------------------------------------+-------------+--------+---------------------------+
  • 列出vm.leju.com虚拟机的端口:

    # quantum port-list -- --device_id eefc20a9-251c-44de-99ee-179463cb7aca    +--------------------------------------+------+-------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+  | id                                   | name | mac_address       | fixed_ips                                                                           |  +--------------------------------------+------+-------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+  | d0195246-5863-4ede-ac40-3cc06516279e |      | fa:16:3e:0c:f2:01 | {"subnet_id": "dbb59749-8f05-474d-b26d-745254a22669", "ip_address": "172.16.200.2"} |  +--------------------------------------+------+-------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
  • 为vm.leju.com创建floating ip:

    # quantum floatingip-create net_external    Created a new floatingip:  +---------------------+--------------------------------------+  | Field               | Value                                |  +---------------------+--------------------------------------+  | fixed_ip_address    |                                      |  | floating_ip_address | 192.168.100.8                        |  | floating_network_id | 7a7acad8-cabf-49f8-804f-ce6871d9cd63 |  | id                  | 2efa6e49-9d99-4402-9a61-85c235d0ccb8 |  | port_id             |                                      |  | router_id           |                                      |  | tenant_id           | 5585ffbad86d495d88b5f95729b1dc60     |  +---------------------+--------------------------------------+
  • 将新创建的floating ip与vm.leju.com关联:

    # quantum floatingip-associate 2efa6e49-9d99-4402-9a61-85c235d0ccb8 d0195246-5863-4ede-ac40-3cc06516279e    Associated floatingip 2efa6e49-9d99-4402-9a61-85c235d0ccb8
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