基于Android的远程视频监控系统(含源码)

jopen 6年前

基本过程是android作为socket客户端将采集到的每一帧图像数据发送出去,PC作为服务器接收并显示每一帧图像实现远程监控。图片如下(后来PC端加了个拍照功能)。。。

基于Android的远程视频监控系统(含源码)

 

(PS。刚学android和java不久很多东西还不懂,高手若是知道哪些地方可以继续优化的话还请多多指点下啊)

系统代码如下:
一、android手机客户端
(1)AndroidManifest.xml文件。添加camera和socket权限,并设置了程序开始执行的activity、

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  <manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"      package="org.wanghai.CameraTest"      android:versionCode="1"      android:versionName="1.0" >         <uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="15" />             <!-- 授予程序使用摄像头的权限 -->          <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CAMERA" />          <uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.camera" />          <uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.camera.autofocus" />          <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>      <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.KILL_BACKGROUND_PROCESSES"/>      <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.RESTART_PACKAGES"/>         <application          android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"          android:label="@string/app_name" >                             <activity              android:name=".GetIP"              android:screenOrientation="landscape"              android:label="@string/app_name" >              <intent-filter>                  <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />                  <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />              </intent-filter>          </activity>          <activity              android:name=".CameraTest"              android:screenOrientation="landscape"              android:label="@string/app_name" >             </activity>                 </application>     </manifest>            (2)main.xml 设置surfaceview用于摄像头采集图像的预览  ?  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  <LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"      android:layout_width="fill_parent"      android:layout_height="fill_parent"      android:orientation="vertical" >        <SurfaceView          android:id="@+id/sView"          android:layout_width="fill_parent"          android:layout_height="fill_parent"          android:scaleType="fitCenter"/>     </LinearLayout>            (3)login.xml 登录界面,用于输入服务器IP  ?  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  <TableLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"          android:id="@+id/loginForm"          android:orientation="vertical"          android:layout_width="fill_parent"          android:layout_height="fill_parent"          >     <TableRow>             <TextView          android:layout_width="fill_parent"          android:layout_height="wrap_content"          android:text="IP:"          android:textSize="10pt"          />  <!-- 输入用户名的文本框 -->  <EditText      android:id="@+id/ipedittext"          android:layout_width="fill_parent"          android:layout_height="wrap_content"          android:digits="0123456789."          android:hint="请填写服务器IP"          android:selectAllOnFocus="true"          />  </TableRow>     </TableLayout>
        (4)GetIP.java 获得服务器IP后,通过Intent启动CameraTest的activity,ip信息通过Bundle传递  ?  public class GetIP extends Activity {          String ipname = null;          @Override      public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {          super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);          // 设置全屏          requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_NO_TITLE);               getWindow().setFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_FULLSCREEN,WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_FULLSCREEN);          setContentView(R.layout.main);                                final Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(this);   //定义一个AlertDialog.Builder对象                                                          builder.setTitle("登录服务器对话框");                          // 设置对话框的标题                                     //装载/res/layout/login.xml界面布局                  TableLayout loginForm = (TableLayout)getLayoutInflater().inflate( R.layout.login, null);                                 final EditText iptext = (EditText)loginForm.findViewById(R.id.ipedittext);                                                 builder.setView(loginForm);                              // 设置对话框显示的View对象                  // 为对话框设置一个“登录”按钮                  builder.setPositiveButton("登录"                          // 为按钮设置监听器                          , new OnClickListener() {                                  @Override                                  public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {                                          //此处可执行登录处理                                          ipname = iptext.getText().toString().trim();                                          Bundle data = new Bundle();                                          data.putString("ipname",ipname);                                                                                 Intent intent = new Intent(GetIP.this,CameraTest.class);                                          intent.putExtras(data);                                          startActivity(intent);                                  }                          });                  // 为对话框设置一个“取消”按钮                  builder.setNegativeButton("取消"                          ,  new OnClickListener()                          {                                  @Override                                  public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which)                                  {                                          //取消登录,不做任何事情。                                          System.exit(1);                                  }                          });                  //创建、并显示对话框                  builder.create().show();          }  }            (5)CameraTest.java 程序主体。设置PreviewCallback后,每当一帧图像数据采集完成后将调用PreviewCallback的onPreviewFrame函数。在这里我们将YUV格式数据转为jpg,再启用线程将数据通过socket发送出去。  ?  public class CameraTest extends Activity {          SurfaceView sView;          SurfaceHolder surfaceHolder;          int screenWidth, screenHeight;                 Camera camera;                    // 定义系统所用的照相机                 boolean isPreview = false;        //是否在浏览中          private String ipname;             @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")          @Override      public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {          super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);          // 设置全屏               requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_NO_TITLE);               getWindow().setFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_FULLSCREEN,WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_FULLSCREEN);          setContentView(R.layout.main);                     // 获取IP地址          Intent intent = getIntent();          Bundle data = intent.getExtras();          ipname = data.getString("ipname");                                             screenWidth = 640;                  screenHeight = 480;                                 sView = (SurfaceView) findViewById(R.id.sView);                  // 获取界面中SurfaceView组件                                 surfaceHolder = sView.getHolder();                               // 获得SurfaceView的SurfaceHolder                                     // 为surfaceHolder添加一个回调监听器                  surfaceHolder.addCallback(new Callback() {                          @Override                          public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder holder, int format, int width,int height) {                                                         }                          @Override                          public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder holder) {                                                                                         initCamera();                                            // 打开摄像头                          }                          @Override                          public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder holder) {                                  // 如果camera不为null ,释放摄像头                                  if (camera != null) {                                          if (isPreview)                                                  camera.stopPreview();                                          camera.release();                                          camera = null;                                  }                              System.exit(0);                          }                                 });                  // 设置该SurfaceView自己不维护缓冲                     surfaceHolder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS);                         }             private void initCamera() {              if (!isPreview) {                          camera = Camera.open();                  }                  if (camera != null && !isPreview) {                          try{                                  Camera.Parameters parameters = camera.getParameters();                                                                 parameters.setPreviewSize(screenWidth, screenHeight);    // 设置预览照片的大小                                                                 parameters.setPreviewFpsRange(20,30);                    // 每秒显示20~30帧                                                                 parameters.setPictureFormat(ImageFormat.NV21);           // 设置图片格式                                                                 parameters.setPictureSize(screenWidth, screenHeight);    // 设置照片的大小                                  //camera.setParameters(parameters);                      // android2.3.3以后不需要此行代码                                  camera.setPreviewDisplay(surfaceHolder);                 // 通过SurfaceView显示取景画面                                                         camera.setPreviewCallback(new StreamIt(ipname));         // 设置回调的类                                                                 camera.startPreview();                                   // 开始预览                                                                 camera.autoFocus(null);                                  // 自动对焦                          } catch (Exception e) {                                  e.printStackTrace();                          }                          isPreview = true;                  }      }         }     class StreamIt implements Camera.PreviewCallback {          private String ipname;          public StreamIt(String ipname){                  this.ipname = ipname;          }                 @Override      public void onPreviewFrame(byte[] data, Camera camera) {          Size size = camera.getParameters().getPreviewSize();                   try{                  //调用image.compressToJpeg()将YUV格式图像数据data转为jpg格式              YuvImage image = new YuvImage(data, ImageFormat.NV21, size.width, size.height, null);               if(image!=null){                      ByteArrayOutputStream outstream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();                  image.compressToJpeg(new Rect(0, 0, size.width, size.height), 80, outstream);                  outstream.flush();                  //启用线程将图像数据发送出去                  Thread th = new MyThread(outstream,ipname);                  th.start();                            }           }catch(Exception ex){               Log.e("Sys","Error:"+ex.getMessage());           }             }  }         class MyThread extends Thread{                 private byte byteBuffer[] = new byte[1024];          private OutputStream outsocket;                 private ByteArrayOutputStream myoutputstream;          private String ipname;                     public MyThread(ByteArrayOutputStream myoutputstream,String ipname){                  this.myoutputstream = myoutputstream;                  this.ipname = ipname;          try {                          myoutputstream.close();                  } catch (IOException e) {                          e.printStackTrace();                  }          }                 public void run() {          try{                  //将图像数据通过Socket发送出去              Socket tempSocket = new Socket(ipname, 6000);              outsocket = tempSocket.getOutputStream();              ByteArrayInputStream inputstream = new ByteArrayInputStream(myoutputstream.toByteArray());              int amount;              while ((amount = inputstream.read(byteBuffer)) != -1) {                  outsocket.write(byteBuffer, 0, amount);              }              myoutputstream.flush();              myoutputstream.close();              tempSocket.close();                            } catch (IOException e) {              e.printStackTrace();          }      }     }            二、PC服务器端  ImageServer.java 用于显示图像,并且可以拍照  ?  public class ImageServer {             public static ServerSocket ss = null;             public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException{                 ss = new ServerSocket(6000);                     final ImageFrame frame = new ImageFrame(ss);          frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);          frame.setVisible(true);                    while(true){                  frame.panel.getimage();              frame.repaint();          }             }            }     /**      A frame with an image panel  */  @SuppressWarnings("serial")  class ImageFrame extends JFrame{          public ImagePanel panel;          public JButton jb;            public ImageFrame(ServerSocket ss){                 // get screen dimensions                              Toolkit kit = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit();          Dimension screenSize = kit.getScreenSize();          int screenHeight = screenSize.height;          int screenWidth = screenSize.width;             // center frame in screen          setTitle("ImageTest");          setLocation((screenWidth - DEFAULT_WIDTH) / 2, (screenHeight - DEFAULT_HEIGHT) / 2);          setSize(DEFAULT_WIDTH, DEFAULT_HEIGHT);             // add panel to frame          this.getContentPane().setLayout(null);          panel = new ImagePanel(ss);          panel.setSize(640,480);          panel.setLocation(0, 0);          add(panel);          jb = new JButton("拍照");          jb.setBounds(0,480,640,50);          add(jb);          saveimage saveaction = new saveimage(ss);          jb.addActionListener(saveaction);      }         public static final int DEFAULT_WIDTH = 640;      public static final int DEFAULT_HEIGHT = 560;   }     /**     A panel that displays a tiled image  */  @SuppressWarnings("serial")  class ImagePanel extends JPanel {          private ServerSocket ss;      private Image image;      private InputStream ins;                  public ImagePanel(ServerSocket ss) {               this.ss = ss;      }             public void getimage() throws IOException{              Socket s = this.ss.accept();          System.out.println("连接成功!");          this.ins = s.getInputStream();                  this.image = ImageIO.read(ins);                  this.ins.close();      }            public void paintComponent(Graphics g){           super.paintComponent(g);             if (image == null) return;          g.drawImage(image, 0, 0, null);      }     }     class saveimage implements ActionListener {          RandomAccessFile inFile = null;          byte byteBuffer[] = new byte[1024];          InputStream ins;          private ServerSocket ss;                     public saveimage(ServerSocket ss){                  this.ss = ss;          }                     public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event){          try {                          Socket s = ss.accept();                          ins = s.getInputStream();                                                     // 文件选择器以当前的目录打开                  JFileChooser jfc = new JFileChooser(".");                  jfc.showSaveDialog(new javax.swing.JFrame());                  // 获取当前的选择文件引用                  File savedFile = jfc.getSelectedFile();                                     // 已经选择了文件                  if (savedFile != null) {                      // 读取文件的数据,可以每次以快的方式读取数据                      try {                                          inFile = new RandomAccessFile(savedFile, "rw");                                  } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {                                          e.printStackTrace();                                  }                  }                 int amount;              while ((amount = ins.read(byteBuffer)) != -1) {                  inFile.write(byteBuffer, 0, amount);              }              inFile.close();              ins.close();              s.close();              javax.swing.JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(new javax.swing.JFrame(),                      "已接保存成功", "提示!", javax.swing.JOptionPane.PLAIN_MESSAGE);                  } catch (IOException e) {                             e.printStackTrace();                  }          }  }

        开放源码如下(android我使用的是4.03的SDK,其它版本请自行更改。2.3.3版本以下的请注意initCamera()里被注释掉的哪一行)

只能在android4.04系统的手机上运行成功哦。

下面是测试成功时的启动画面:

基于Android的远程视频监控系统(含源码)
基于Android的远程视频监控系统(含源码) android_video.rar

转自:http://www.cnblogs.com/feifei1010/archive/2012/08/31/2664939.html