Android中读取短信信息

fmms 9年前

Android中读取的短信文件有

 /**    * 所有的短信    */   public static final String SMS_URI_ALL = "content://sms/";   /**    * 收件箱短信    */   public static final String SMS_URI_INBOX = "content://sms/inbox";   /**    * 发件箱短信    */   public static final String SMS_URI_SEND = "content://sms/sent";   /**    * 草稿箱短信    */   public static final String SMS_URI_DRAFT = "content://sms/draft";
读取的短信信息有:

    _id:短信序号,如100   
*   thread_id:对话的序号,如100,与同一个手机号互发的短信,其序号是相同的   
*   address:发件人地址,即手机号,如+8613811810000   
*   person:发件人,如果发件人在通讯录中则为具体姓名,陌生人为null   
*   date:日期,long型,如1256539465022,可以对日期显示格式进行设置   
*   protocol:协议0SMS_RPOTO短信,1MMS_PROTO彩信      read:是否阅读0未读,1已读   
*   status:短信状态-1接收,0complete,64pending,128failed   
*   type:短信类型1是接收到的,2是已发出      body:短信具体内容   
*   service_center:短信服务中心号码编号,如+8613800755500

下面我们可以先建立一个SmsInfo来提取各种信息如下:

package com.pei.info;    /**   * class name:SmsInfo<BR>   * class description:获取短信各种信息的类<BR>   * PS: <BR>   * Date:2012-3-19<BR>   *    * @version 1.00   * @author CODYY)peijiangping   */  public class SmsInfo {   /**    * 短信内容    */   private String smsbody;   /**    * 发送短信的电话号码    */   private String phoneNumber;   /**    * 发送短信的日期和时间    */   private String date;   /**    * 发送短信人的姓名    */   private String name;   /**    * 短信类型1是接收到的,2是已发出    */   private String type;     public String getSmsbody() {    return smsbody;   }     public void setSmsbody(String smsbody) {    this.smsbody = smsbody;   }     public String getPhoneNumber() {    return phoneNumber;   }     public void setPhoneNumber(String phoneNumber) {    this.phoneNumber = phoneNumber;   }     public String getDate() {    return date;   }     public void setDate(String date) {    this.date = date;   }     public String getName() {    return name;   }     public void setName(String name) {    this.name = name;   }     public String getType() {    return type;   }     public void setType(String type) {    this.type = type;   }  }
然后就是封装类,读取信息内容SmsContent.java
package com.pei.util;    import java.util.ArrayList;  import java.util.List;    import com.pei.info.SmsInfo;    import android.app.Activity;  import android.database.Cursor;  import android.net.Uri;    /**   * class name:SmsChoose<BR>   * class description:获取手机中的各种短信信息<BR>   * PS: 需要权限 <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_SMS" /><BR>   * Date:2012-3-19<BR>   *    * @version 1.00   * @author CODYY)peijiangping   */  public class SmsContent {   private Activity activity;//这里有个activity对象,不知道为啥以前好像不要,现在就要了。自己试试吧。   private Uri uri;   List<SmsInfo> infos;     public SmsContent(Activity activity, Uri uri) {    infos = new ArrayList<SmsInfo>();    this.activity = activity;    this.uri = uri;   }     /**    * Role:获取短信的各种信息 <BR>    * Date:2012-3-19 <BR>    *     * @author CODYY)peijiangping    */   public List<SmsInfo> getSmsInfo() {    String[] projection = new String[] { "_id", "address", "person",      "body", "date", "type" };    Cursor cusor = activity.managedQuery(uri, projection, null, null,      "date desc");    int nameColumn = cusor.getColumnIndex("person");    int phoneNumberColumn = cusor.getColumnIndex("address");    int smsbodyColumn = cusor.getColumnIndex("body");    int dateColumn = cusor.getColumnIndex("date");    int typeColumn = cusor.getColumnIndex("type");    if (cusor != null) {     while (cusor.moveToNext()) {      SmsInfo smsinfo = new SmsInfo();      smsinfo.setName(cusor.getString(nameColumn));      smsinfo.setDate(cusor.getString(dateColumn));      smsinfo.setPhoneNumber(cusor.getString(phoneNumberColumn));      smsinfo.setSmsbody(cusor.getString(smsbodyColumn));      smsinfo.setType(cusor.getString(typeColumn));      infos.add(smsinfo);     }     cusor.close();    }    return infos;   }  }
在提供一个listview来显示短信内容:
package com.pei.activity;    import java.util.List;    import com.pei.fixed.AllFinalInfo;  import com.pei.info.SmsInfo;  import com.pei.util.SmsContent;  import android.app.Activity;  import android.content.Context;  import android.net.Uri;  import android.os.Bundle;  import android.view.LayoutInflater;  import android.view.View;  import android.view.ViewGroup;  import android.widget.BaseAdapter;  import android.widget.ListView;  import android.widget.TextView;    /**   * class name:SmsListActivity<BR>   * class description:显示短信的列表<BR>   * PS: <BR>   * Date:2012-3-19<BR>   *    * @version 1.00   * @author CODYY)peijiangping   */  public class SmsListActivity extends Activity {   private ListView listview;   private List<SmsInfo> infos;     @Override   protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);    setContentView(R.layout.sms);    Uri uri = Uri.parse(AllFinalInfo.SMS_URI_INBOX);    SmsContent sc = new SmsContent(this, uri);    infos = sc.getSmsInfo();    listview = (ListView) this.findViewById(R.id.ListView_Sms);    listview.setAdapter(new SmsListAdapter(this));   }     class SmsListAdapter extends BaseAdapter {    private LayoutInflater layoutinflater;    private View myview;      public SmsListAdapter(Context c) {     layoutinflater = LayoutInflater.from(c);    }      @Override    public int getCount() {     // TODO Auto-generated method stub     return infos.size();    }      @Override    public Object getItem(int position) {     // TODO Auto-generated method stub     return null;    }      @Override    public long getItemId(int position) {     // TODO Auto-generated method stub     return 0;    }      @Override    public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {     if (convertView == null) {      myview = layoutinflater.inflate(R.layout.smsitem, null);     }     TextView body = (TextView) myview       .findViewById(R.id.TextView_SmsBody);     TextView name = (TextView) myview       .findViewById(R.id.TextView_SmsName);     body.setText(infos.get(position).getSmsbody());     name.setText(infos.get(position).getName());     return myview;    }     }  }
这样你就可以随意的读取各种短信的各种内容了,显示也十分方便。方法还可以继续封装。有待改进。