虚拟化技术作为云计算的平台


© 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 1 虚拟化技术作为云计算的平台 李严冰,博士 VMware China R&D 威睿信息技术(中国)有限公司 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 2 Agenda 云计算概述 虚拟化作为云计算平台 虚拟数据中心操作系统:VDC-OS 云联邦:Cloud federation 实际案例 终端和移动虚拟化:Client and Mobile virtualization © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 3 主体机 服务器, PC 云计算 合久必分 Commoditization of computers 分久必合 Commoditization of computing 计算模式演变之三国版 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 4 云计算:$1600+ 亿市场潜力 The transformation is more profound that is yet understood, cloud done right will: be used for all applications, change how we deploy and develop applications, enable new OSes, new programming models, new servers, new storage solutions enable new markets for computer services …, in other words, it will change everything © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 5 云计算时代的到来 第一届云计算国际会展 1st International Cloud Computing Conference & Expo February 2009 “Best Overall Cloud Product” VMware “Best Cloud Platform” VMware © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 6 Vertical offered by a single vendor No on-premise offering Limited largely to web applications Can not support old and existing applications How to connect multiple clouds 现有方案的局限 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 7 Agenda 云计算概述 虚拟化作为云计算平台 虚拟数据中心操作系统:VDC-OS 云联邦:Cloud federation 实际案例 终端和移动虚拟化:Client and Mobile virtualization 虚拟化 云计算? © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 8 Operating System Applications Operating System (unmodified) Virtualization layer Virtualization decouples software from hardware. 虚拟化基本介绍 VMotion Create shared pools of resources to optimize your infrastructure. © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 9 数据中心发展成 内部云 VDC-OS VDC-OS: 虚拟数据中心操作系统 The Cloud… as Architecture Virtualization is the key to making all of this happen in an evolutionary way New Apps Existing and multiple future app modelsExisting Apps Industry standard building blocksHardware Scale and availability through softwareSoftware Security, Compliance…Policies SLA management modelManagement © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 10 服务及政策 资源整合 VMware VDC-OS: vSphere Availability Security Scalability vCompute vStorage vNetwork . Hardware Assist for Virtualization . Extended Live Migration Compatibility . Storage Management . Storage Replication . Storage Virtual Appliances . Network Management Applications . Dynamic Resource Sizing . Data Protection . Clustering . Firewall . Anti-Virus . Intrusion Prevention . Compliance vSphere © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 11 vCompute: Powerful Enough for All Applications % of Applications Application’s Performance Requirements PAST IOPS Network Memory CPU < 10,000 < 300 Kb/s < 4 GB per VM 1 to 2 CPUs 2009 200,000+ 40 Gb/s 256 GB per VM 8 VCPUs CURRENT 100,000 9 Gb/s 64 GB per VM 4 VCPUs © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 12 Single VM Performance: 0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 1‐way 2‐way 4‐way 8‐way VM Nave Transaction Rate (Ratio to 1-way VM) Next Generation Intel® Xeon® based 8-pCPU server RHEL 5.1 Oracle 11gR1 In-house ESX Server † Non-comparable implementation of TPC-CTM workload; results not TPC-C compliant; deviations from the spec: batch benchmark, undersized database < 15% overhead for 8 vCPU VM 8,900 total DB transactions per second Near-perfect scalability from 1 to 8 vCPUs 250 MB/sec of disk I/O © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 13 Multi-Core + VMware = Record Performance 8,000 Mailboxes 16,000 Mailboxes © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 14 Multi-Core + VMware = Record Performance 0 20000 40000 60000 80000 Support eCommerce Banking Aggregate SPECweb2005 Scores Tester Name System Name Cores Results Fujitsu Siemens PRIMERGY RX600 SF, Intel Xeon processor X7350 16 42783 Hewlett-Packard HP ProLiant DL580 G5 16 30261 Hewlett-Packard HP ProLiant DL580 G5 16 26119 Hewlett-Packard HP ProLiant DL580 G5 16 40046 Hewlett-Packard HP ProLiant DL585 G5 16 43854 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Sun Fire X4450 16 39793 VMware Inc., USA HP ProLiant DL585 G5 (with VMware ESX Server 3.5) 16 44000 VMware HP ProLiant DL585 G5 (with VMware ESX Server 3.5) 16 44,000 High score to date on 16 core system 16Gbits/sec web traffic (Support) 143,000 HTTP ops/sec (Banking)Would serve 3 billion page views per day “On a typical day, there are 1 billion page views.” - Pierre Omidyar, eBay Founder techtarget.com (July 07) © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 15 Building the Giant Computer VMware DRS automatically balances VMs64-Nodes per cluster4,096 processor cores64TB of RAM6 Million IOPs © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 16 Distributed Power Management: Make the Giant Computer Power Thrifty 50% Savings During VMmark™ 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 Watts No DPM With DPM © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 17 云联邦 Cloud Federation Internal Cloud External Clouds VDC-OS Management VDC-OS Management Security Networks Storage Monitoring © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 18 Federating Clouds: Site Recovery Manager Internal Cloud (Primary) Internal/External Cloud (Recovery) VMware vCenter Site Recovery Manager VMware Physical Datacenter VMware vCenter Site Recovery Manager VMware Physical DatacenterPhysical Datacenter © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 19 Federating Clouds: Long Distance VMotion Internal Cloud Internal/External Cloud VMware vCenter VMware Physical Datacenter VMware vCenter VMware Physical DatacenterPhysical Datacenter Partnering to Address Several Challenges Moving the VM's memory Moving the VM's disk images Maintaining the VM's network connections © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 20 Federating Clouds: Longer Distance Shorter Distance DRS across DCs DC Maintenance DC Disaster Avoidance Follow the Sun © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 21 vCloud API: Interoperability Internal Cloud External Clouds VDC-OS Management VDC-OS Management vCloud APIs: Programmatic Access to Resources OVF Open Virtualization Format © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 22 Cloud as Service… Enabling Choice Internal Cloud External Clouds VDC-OS Management VDC-OS Management Federation & Choice Standards Private Cloud App Load s © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 23 虚拟化: 驱动 “IT即服务” 灵活性 可选择 单一服务器: 更有效 有效性 系统管理程序 (Hypervisor) 服务器池: 增强有效性和 灵活性 协作,兼容的 系统管理程序 内部云: 可扩展和自动化 虚拟数据中心操作系统 (VDC-OS) 云联邦: 内部云和外部云 的联结 联邦的虚拟数据中心 操作系统VDC-OS “IT即服务” IT即服务 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 24 Agenda 云计算概述 虚拟化作为云计算平台 虚拟数据中心操作系统:VDC-OS 云联邦:Cloud federation 实际案例 终端和移动虚拟化:Client and Mobile virtualization 虚拟化 云计算? © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 25 Terremark: Enterprise Cloud Paradigm shift from incremental server hosting Customer gets a resource pool of compute, memory, storage Can now dynamically configure and provision new VMs as needed End Users IT Service Provider Before After End Users Resource Pool © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 26 EngineYard Solo: Cloud Federation Internal Cloud External Clouds VDC-OS vCenter VDC-OS vCenter Ruby on Rails as Managed Service Ruby on Rails as Managed Service © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 27 Savvis: Open Cloud Compute Paradigm shift from dedicated virtual compute Fractional computing resources by the instance Dynamic capacity over time © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 28 Sungard: Disaster Recovery as Cloud Service Turnkey managed solution for virtual replication and recovery for mission- critical applications Utilizes standard internet bandwidth and leverages a cloud infrastructure across secure, fully managed SunGard sites Disparate Windows/ VMware Server Replication No specialized customer replication skills needed SunGard will manage failover to the always available SunGard site Cost effective © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 29 Test/Dev as a Cloud Service Paradigm shift from permanent dedicated test environments Leverages VMware Lab Manager Developers can dynamically provision n-tier application environments for test and development through a self-service portal VMware Lab Manager 3.0 Helpdesk, Demos, Training Development Remote UsersQA Support, Demo LabDev Lab Offshore LabQA Lab Logica © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 30 Agenda 云计算概述 虚拟化作为云计算平台 虚拟数据中心操作系统:VDC-OS 云联邦:Cloud federation 实际案例 终端和移动虚拟化:Client and Mobile virtualization 虚拟化 云计算? © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 31 Hardware VDC-OS/vSphere Management VMware View WAN Client LAN Client Thick Client Linked Clones Master VM Centralized Management of Thick and Thin Clients终端虚拟技术: 桌面即服务 Desktop as a Service © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 32 • Thin layer of virtualization software (~30KB) that runs on phones • Allows multiple operating systems and applications to run simultaneously. 虚拟移动平台: Mobile Virtualization Platform (MVP) ARMv4/v5 line ARMv6/v7 line VMware MVP OS #1 App OS #2 App OS #3 App OS #4 App © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 33 手机厂商 企业 用户 服务商 Fewer chips Software test New services Safer software Work and Home phones Security Save work access Employee-owned phones MVP: 虚拟移动平台的用途 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 34 企业内部云: VDC-OS 高效,可伸缩,易管理,安全 云联邦:内部及外部云的联结 支持所有的(现有的和未来的)应用 终端虚拟技术: 桌面即服务 Desktop as a Service 虚拟移动平台: Mobile Virtualization Platform (MVP) Summary 虚拟技术无处不在 虚拟技术是当前及未来运算模式的平台 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder. 35 VMware: Delivering IT as a Service Efficiency Control Choice © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.

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