Java类库集合的扩展项目Google Guava


Google Guava Thomas Ferris Nicolaisen @tfnico www.tfnico.com Code at http://github.com/tfnico/guava-examples So much goodness in here... • com.google.common.annotation • com.google.common.base • com.google.common.collect • com.google.common.io • com.google.common.net • com.google.common.primitives • com.google.common.util.concurrent import com.google.common.annotations.*; /** * An annotation that indicates that the visibility of a type or member has * been relaxed to make the code testable. * */ public @interface VisibleForTesting /** * Use this method for determining that a cart item is eligible for retail pickup. * * @param item with productClass PRINT, or exportName "INDEXPRINT" * @return true if it is allowed, false if not */ @VisibleForTesting static boolean allowedForRetailPickup(final CartItem item) { ... @Test public void charSetsAndDefaults() { // Here's some charsets Charset utf8 = Charsets.UTF_8; assertTrue(utf8.canEncode()); // Primitive defaults: Integer defaultValue = Defaults.defaultValue(int.class); assertEquals(0, defaultValue.intValue()); } import com.google.common.base.*; @Test public void equalityAndIdentity() { //These could be useful for building equals methods assertFalse(Equivalences.equals().equivalent("you", null)); assertTrue(Equivalences.identity().equivalent("hey", "hey")); } import com.google.common.base.*; @Test public void joinSomeStrings() { ImmutableSet strings = ImmutableSet.of("A", "B", "C"); String joined = Joiner.on(":").join(strings); assertEquals("A:B:C", joined); } import com.google.common.base.*; @Test public void splitSomeStrings() { String string = "A:B:C"; String[] parts = string.split(":"); //the old way String backTogether = Joiner.on(":").join(parts); assertEquals(string, backTogether); String gorbleString = ": A::: B : C :::"; Iterable gorbleParts = Splitter.on(":") .omitEmptyStrings().trimResults().split(gorbleString); String gorbleBackTogether = Joiner.on(":").join(gorbleParts); assertEquals(string, gorbleBackTogether); // A:B:C } import com.google.common.base.*; @Test public void moreFunWithStrings() { assertNull(Strings.emptyToNull("")); assertEquals("", Strings.nullToEmpty(null)); // About the only thing we ever used in commons-lang? :) assertTrue(Strings.isNullOrEmpty("")); assertEquals("oioioi", Strings.repeat("oi", 3)); assertEquals("Too short ", Strings.padEnd("Too short", 15, ' ')); } import com.google.common.base.*; //Some customers Customer bob = new Customer(1, "Bob"); Customer lisa = new Customer(2, "Lisa"); Customer stephen = new Customer(3, "Stephen"); Customer ken = new Customer(null,"Ken"); @Test public void toStringsAndHashcodes() { Object[] bobAndLisa = new Object[] { bob, lisa }; // Make some hashcode! int hashCode = Objects.hashCode(bob, lisa); assertEquals(Arrays.hashCode(bobAndLisa), hashCode); // Build toString method String string = Objects.toStringHelper(bob) .add("name", bob.getName()) .add("id", bob.getId()).toString(); assertEquals("Customer{name=Bob, id=1}", string); } import com.google.common.base.*; @Test(expected = NullPointerException.class) public void needAnIntegerWhichIsNeverNull() { Integer defaultId = null; Integer kensId = ken.getId() != null ? ken.getId() : defaultId; // this one does not throw! int kensId2 = Objects.firstNonNull(ken.getId(), defaultId); assertEquals(0, kensId2); // But the above does! } import com.google.common.base.*; @Test(expected = IllegalArgumentException.class) public void somePreconditions() { // Pretend this is a constructor: Preconditions.checkNotNull(lisa.getId()); // Will throw NPE Preconditions.checkState(!lisa.isSick()); // Will throw ILE Preconditions.checkArgument(lisa.getAddress() != null, "No description for customer with id %s",lisa.getId()); } import com.google.common.base.*; @Test public void fancierFunctions() { Function isCustomerWithOddId = new Function() { public Boolean apply(Customer customer) { return customer.getId().intValue() % 2 != 0; } }; assertTrue(isCustomerWithOddId.apply(bob)); assertFalse(isCustomerWithOddId.apply(lisa)); // Functions are great for higher-order functions, like // project/transform, and fold } import com.google.common.base.*; @Test public void somePredicates() { ImmutableSet customers = ImmutableSet.of(bob, lisa, stephen); Predicate itsBob = Predicates.equalTo(bob); Predicate itsLisa = Predicates.equalTo(lisa); Predicate bobOrLisa = Predicates.or(itsBob, itsLisa); // Predicates are great to pass in to higher-order functions // like filter/search Iterable filtered = Iterables.filter(customers, bobOrLisa); assertEquals(2, ImmutableSet.copyOf(filtered).size()); } import com.google.common.base.*; @Test public void someSuppliers() { //Imagine we have Supploer that produces ingredients IngredientsFactory ingredientsFactory = new IngredientsFactory(); //A function 'bake' - (see next slide) bake(); //Then it's pretty easy to get a Factory that bakes cakes :) Supplier cakeFactory = Suppliers.compose(bake(), ingredientsFactory); cakeFactory.get(); cakeFactory.get(); cakeFactory.get(); assertEquals(3, ingredientsFactory.getNumberOfIngredientsUsed()); } import com.google.common.base.*; private Function bake() { return new Function() { public Cake apply(Ingredients ingredients) { return new Cake(ingredients); } }; } import com.google.common.base.*; @Test public void someThrowables() { try { try{ Integer.parseInt("abc"); } catch(RuntimeException e){ if(e instanceof ClassCastException) throw e; //old-style Throwables.propagateIfInstanceOf(e, NumberFormatException.class); //the same Throwables.propagateIfPossible(e); // Propagates if it is Error or RuntimeException try { Throwables.throwCause(e, true); } catch (Exception e1) { Throwables.propagate(e1); //Wraps if its a checked exception, //or lets it flow if not } } } catch(RuntimeException e){ Throwables.getCausalChain(e); Throwables.getRootCause(e); Throwables.getStackTraceAsString(e); } import com.google.common.base.*; @Test public void someEnums() { assertEquals("UNDER_DOG", CaseFormat.LOWER_CAMEL.to(CaseFormat.UPPER_UNDERSCORE, "underDog")); //Controlling services Service service = new FunkyService(); service.start(); assertEquals(Service.State.RUNNING, service.state()); service.stop(); } import com.google.common.base.*; @Test public void someSets() { ImmutableSet customers1 = ImmutableSet.of(bob, lisa, stephen); ImmutableSet customers2 = ImmutableSet.of(stephen, ken); assertEquals(4, Sets.union(customers1, customers2).size()); assertEquals(ImmutableSet.of(stephen), Sets.intersection(customers1, customers2)); } import com.google.common.collect.*; @Test(expected=NullPointerException.class) public void someConstraints() { //instead of new HashSet() HashSet customers = Sets.newHashSet(); customers.add(null); //this works. But should it? Set noMoreNulls = Constraints.constrainedSet(customers, Constraints.notNull()); noMoreNulls.add(null); //boom! } import com.google.common.collect.*; @Test public void messAroundWithFile() { File file = new File("woop.txt"); try { Files.touch(file); Files.write("Hey sailor!", file, Charsets.UTF_8); //Breakpoint here.. have a look at the file.. Files.toByteArray(file); Files.newInputStreamSupplier(file); assertEquals("Hey sailor!", Files.readFirstLine(file, Charsets.UTF_8)); assertEquals("Hey sailor!", Files.toString(file, Charsets.UTF_8)); Files.deleteRecursively(file); } catch (IOException e) { Throwables.propagate(e); } } import com.google.common.io.*; @Test public void closingAndFlushing() { InputStream inputStream = System.in; try { inputStream.close();//The old way } catch (IOException e) { Throwables.propagate(e); } Closeables.closeQuietly(inputStream ); //The new way //Or flush: PrintStream outputStream = System.out; Flushables.flushQuietly(outputStream); } import com.google.common.io.*; @Test public void classPathResources() { //This: Resources.getResource("com/tfnico/examples/guava/BaseTest.class"); //instead of this: String location = "com/tfnico/examples/guava/BaseTest.class"; URL resource2 = this.getClass().getClassLoader().getResource(location); Preconditions.checkArgument(resource2!=null, "resource %s not found", location); } import com.google.common.io.*; @Test public void iNetAddressIsFixed() { try { /** * Unlike InetAddress.getByName(), * the methods of this class never cause DNS services to be accessed. * For this reason, you should prefer these methods as much as possible * over their JDK equivalents whenever you are expecting to handle only * IP address string literals -- there is no blocking DNS penalty for * a malformed string. */ InetAddresses.forString("0.0.0.0"); //Instead of this... InetAddress.getByName("0.0.0.0"); } catch (UnknownHostException e) { Throwables.propagate(e); } } import com.google.common.net.InetAddresses; TODO • Show off primitives • Show off CharMatcher • Add more collection examples • Add more higher order functions • Do concurrency stuff • Do cooler io stuff • Find patterns of old code that can be replaced (For this presentation) When to think Guava? • For loops • Temporary collections • Mutable collections • if( x == null) • In short: method complexity Arright, let’s try!
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