开源协议介绍


Open Source Licenses Olivier Dony  @odony Agenda o Brief history: GPL and Copyleft o AGPL vs LGPL o Licenses of Odoo 9 o Combining licenses Brief history: GPL Before 1980, most programs were distributed with source code by default (for portability, bugfixing, auditing, etc.) Most software came from an academic background Then the situation changed. GPL = Copyleft Copyleft relies on universal Copyright laws to enforce freedom for a piece of work The Free Software Foundation defines four freedoms: use, modify, distribute, and distribute modifications To guarantee these freedoms to every user, GPL forbids any restriction coming from other licenses Brief history: GPL 1983: Richard Stallman creates GNU 1989: GPLv1 is born 1991: GPLv2, LGPLv2 1999: LGPLv2.1 2007: GPLv3, LGPLv3, AGPLv3 (DRM, tivoization, wording, patents) (bin + source, no restrictions) (“liberty or death”, C-lib) (library -> lesser) Brief history: Odoo 2000 2010 2005: TinyERP 1.0-4.0 – GPLv2 or later 2009: OpenERP 5.0 – GPLv3 or later + OEPL (web) 2011: OpenERP 6.0 – AGPLv3 + OEPL (web) 2012: OpenERP 6.1 – AGPLv3 2012: OpenERP 7.0 – AGPLv3 2014: Odoo 8.0 – AGPLv3 2015: Odoo 9.0 – CE: LGPLv3 + OE2005 AGPL GPL is a strong copyleft license, but it suffers from the ASP loophole (Cloud) => 4 freedoms are only enforced if distributed AGPL was created to fix this, by adding the Section 13 provision: Copyleft applies as soon as users are interacting remotely with the program LGPL GPL is a strong copyleft license, but lacks a linking exception => Unsuitable for libraries, such as the C lib LGPL was created to fix this, by adding a linking exception on top of GPL “Using/Linking” in any program is OK if the LGPL part can be modified/replaced. “Derivative work” is OK under any license as long as it can be modified by the user Licenses of Odoo 9 Odoo 9 changes license to LGPLv3, becomes Odoo Community Edition (requires agreement of contributors / CLA signature) Rationale + AGPLv3 is not well suited for the CMS features + LGPLv3 will permit selling Odoo Apps (Odoo S.A. or anyone) Odoo Enterprise Edition (proprietary) will contain a set of new Apps on top of Odoo Community Licenses of Odoo 9 Odoo Community Odoo Enterprise OE  base  account  crm  project  stock  ...  account_dashboard  account_check_print  web_mobile  project_forecast  ... Licenses of Odoo 9 Odoo 9 Community  LGPLv3 - can be used/modified/distributed by anyone  Project fully hosted on GitHub, access to anyone  Source code  Bug reports (also via Odoo Enterprise)  Pull Requests  Translations on Transifex.com  odoo/odoo Licenses of Odoo 9 Odoo 9 Enterprise Proprietary license applies to Enterprise Apps only → Using requires Odoo Enterprise subscription → Modifications are allowed → Distribution only to Odoo Enterprise subscribers  Project fully hosted on GitHub, access to all partners  Source code  Bug reports (also via Odoo Enterprise)  Pull Requests  Translations on Transifex.com  odoo/enterprise (+ some customers) License Combinations 3 main licenses: LGPL, AGPL, Proprietary Some combinations of these licenses are not valid – because GPL prevents distribution if licensing terms conflict.  The Odoo Apps Store will be able to verify the validity of the combinations. Licenses Combinations (1) Proprietary Apps cannot depend on AGPL Apps, only on LGPL and other Proprietary ones Licenses Combinations (2) AGPL Apps cannot depend on Proprietary ones, but it works if they are relicensed as LGPL Licenses Combinations (3) Odoo's official interpretation of the licenses and their intention is that using Proprietary Apps and AGPL Apps at the same time is OK, as long as they don't depend on each other. See definition of “Corresponding Source” in AGPLv3 and the GPL FAQ entry #AGPLv3CorrespondingSource Questions? (sorry, probably in overtime by now ;-))  @odony Thank You  @odony
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