Nginx配置文件说明

bosco 贡献于2011-05-26

作者   创建于2009-12-15 10:25:00   修改者User  修改于2010-04-20 03:28:00字数5807

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 Nginx配置文件说明 志存高远,脚踏实地——骆超飞 2009/12/15 1 一、基本配置 #运行用户 user www www; #启动进程 worker_processes 1; #全局错误日志及PID文档 error_log /web/www/logs/error.log notice; pid /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid; #工作模式及连接数上限 events { use epoll; worker_connections 51200; } #设定http服务器,利用他的反向代理功能提供负载均衡支持 http { #设定mime类型 include mime.types; default_type application/octet-stream; #设定日志格式 log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local]' '"$request" $status $bytes_sent ' '"$http_referer" "$http_user_agent" ' '"$gzip_ratio"'; log_format download '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] ' '"$request" $status $bytes_sent ' '"$http_referer" "$http_user_agent" ' '"$http_range" "$sent_http_content_range"'; #设定请求缓冲 client_header_buffer_size 1k; large_client_header_buffers 4 4k; #开启gzip模块 gzip on; gzip_min_length 1100; gzip_buffers 4 8k; gzip_types text/plain; output_buffers 1 32k; postpone_output 1460; #设定access log access_log logs/access.log main; client_header_timeout 3m; client_body_timeout 3m; send_timeout 3m; sendfile on; tcp_nopush on; tcp_nodelay on; keepalive_timeout 65; #设定服务器支持shtml ssi on; ssi_silent_errors on; ssi_types text/shtml; #设定负载均衡的服务器列表 upstream mysvr { #weigth参数表示权值,权值越高被分配到的几率越大 #本机上的Squid开启3128端口 server 192.168.8.1:3128 weight=5; server 192.168.8.2:80 weight=1; server 192.168.8.3:80 weight=6; } #设定虚拟主机 server { listen 80; server_name 192.168.8.1 www.lnmp.com; index index.html index.htm index.php; root /web/www; charset gb2312; #设定本虚拟主机的访问日志 access_log logs/www.lnmp.com.access.log main; #假如访问 /img/*, /js/*, /css/* 资源,则直接取本地文档,不通过squid #假如这些文档较多,不推荐这种方式,因为通过squid的缓存效果更好 location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$ { 志存高远,脚踏实地——骆超飞 2009/12/15 2 expires 30d; } location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$ { expires 1h; } #假如这些文档较多,不推荐这种方式,因为通过squid的缓存效果更好 location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$ { #fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock; fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000; fastcgi_index index.php; include fcgi.conf; } #设置主机开启SSI支持shtml location ~ .*\.(shtml)?$ { ssi on; ssi_silent_errors on; ssi_types text/shtml; } #对 "/" 启用负载均衡 location / { proxy_pass http://mysvr; proxy_redirect off; proxy_set_header Host $host; proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr; proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for; client_max_body_size 10m; client_body_buffer_size 128k; proxy_connect_timeout 90; proxy_send_timeout 90; proxy_read_timeout 90; proxy_buffer_size 4k; proxy_buffers 4 32k; proxy_busy_buffers_size 64k; proxy_temp_file_write_size 64k; } #设定查看Nginx状态的地址 location /NginxStatus { stub_status on; access_log on; auth_basic "NginxStatus"; } } } @@%%%%%%%%%%%%%%呵呵,我是华丽的分割线!%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%@@ 二、高级配置 1、查看 Nginx 运行状态 输入地址http://192.168.8.1/NginxStatus/,输入验证帐号密码,即可看到类似如下内容 Active connections: 328 server accepts handled requests 9309 8982 28890 Reading: 1 Writing: 3 Waiting: 324 第一行表示现在活跃的连接数 第三行的第三个数字表示Nginx运行到 2、配置虚拟主机 在http下添加server来增加虚拟主机,代码如下 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- server { listen 80; server_name host1.com; root /myserver/ host1; location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$ { #fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock; fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000; fastcgi_index index.php; include fcgi.conf; 志存高远,脚踏实地——骆超飞 2009/12/15 3 } } server { listen 80; server_name host2.com; root /myserver/host2; location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$ { #fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock; fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000; fastcgi_index index.php; include fcgi.conf; } } 3、配置Nginx虚拟主机(防盗链及expires设置) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- server { listen 80; server_name bbs.linuxtone.org www.linuxtone.org; index index.html index.php index.htm; root /data/www/wwwroot/lt/bbs; #access_log /var/log/nginx/access_bbs.redocn.com.log combined; location / { if (!-e $request_filename) { rewrite ^/archiver/((fid|tid)-[\w\-]+\.html)$ /archiver/index.php?$1 last; rewrite ^/forum-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ /forumdisplay.php?fid=$1&page=$2 last; rewrite ^/thread-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ /viewthread.php?tid=$1&extra=page%3D$3&page=$2 last; rewrite ^/space-(username|uid)-(.+)\.html$ /space.php?$1=$2 last; rewrite ^/tag-(.+)\.html$ /tag.php?name=$1 last; break; } } #Preventing hot linking of images and other file types location ~* ^.+\.(gif|jpg|png|swf|flv|rar|zip)$ { valid_referers none blocked server_names *.linuxtone.org http://localhost; if ($invalid_referer) { rewrite ^/ http://bbs.linuxtone.org/images/default/logo.gif; return 403; } } # Add expires header for static content location ~* \.(js|css|jpg|jpeg|gif|png|swf)$ { if (-f $request_filename) { root /data/www/wwwroot/lt/bbs; expires 1d; break; } } #support php location ~ .*\.php?$ { include enable_php5.conf; } } 4、Nginx搭建下载站点限制并发数和速率 vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/vhosts/down.redocn.com.conf ------------------------------------------------------------------------ limit_zone one $binary_remote_addr 10m; server { listen 80; server_name down.redocn.com; 志存高远,脚踏实地——骆超飞 2009/12/15 4 index index.html index.htm index.php; root /data/www/wwwroot/down; error_page 404 /index.php; # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html; location = /50x.html { root html; } #Zone limit location / { limit_conn one 1; limit_rate 20k; } # serve static files location ~ ^/(images|javascript|js|css|flash|media|static)/ { root /data/www/wwwroot/down; expires 30d; } } 5、如何实现Nginx身份验证 mkdir /usr/local/nginx/conf/htpasswd #创建存放密码的目录 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ /usr/local/apache2/bin/htpasswd -c /usr/local/nginx/conf/htpasswd/tongji admin server { location ~ ^/(tongji)/ { root /data/www/wwwroot/count; auth_basic "LT-COUNT-TongJi"; auth_basic_user_file /usr/local/nginx/conf/htpasswd/tongji; } } 6、如何实现Nginx目录列表 在相关虚拟主机配置文件加入如下设置即可 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ location / { autoindex on; } 7、修改Nginx的header伪装服务器 cd nginx-0.6.31/src/core #define NGINX_VERSION "1.2" #define NGINX_VER "LTWS/" NGINX_VERSION 重新编译nginx即可,查看一下效果: [root@count ~]# curl -I http://bbs.linuxtone.org -------------------------------------------------------------------- HTTP/1.1 200 OK Server: LTWS/1.2 Date: Mon, 23 Jun 2008 06:11:17 GMT Content-Type: text/html; charset=gb2312 Transfer-Encoding: chunked Connection: keep-alive Set-Cookie: lt__sid=cJN2FT; expires=Mon, 30-Jun-2008 06:11:17 GMT; path=/ Set-Cookie: lt__onlineusernum=228; expires=Mon, 23-Jun-2008 06:16:17 GMT; path=/

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