Java使用Zxing包制作二维码

2804915145 贡献于2014-11-29

作者   创建于2012-06-06 01:30:27   修改者  修改于2012-09-05 10:16:17字数9745

文档摘要: Zxing是Google提供的关于条码(一维码、二维码)的解析工具,提供了二维码的生成与解析的方法,现在我简单介绍一下使用Java利用Zxing生成与解析二维码
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 域名 长度 后缀 删除日期 删除类型 33d.cc 3 cc 2012/9/4 Delete 今天朋友问我一个二维码的东西,说实话我重来也没接触过,于是上网找了一下,和朋友分享一下... 用qrcode.jar也能做,但是一看小日本的,于是马上闪过,听所zxing挺好用的,于是就去google下了架包 用了这个感觉确实简单,重百度找到写完一个例子只用了,10来分钟........ //www.hake.cc Zxing是Google提供的关于条码(一维码、二维码)的解析工具,提供了二维码的生成与解析的方法,现在我简单介绍一下使用Java利用Zxing生成与解析二维码 1、二维码的生成   1.1 将core.jar 包加入到classpath下。    1.2 二维码的生成需要借助MatrixToImageWriter类,该类是由Google提供的,可以将该类拷贝到源码中,这里我将该类的源码贴上,可以直接使用。 [java] view plaincopyprint?import com.google.zxing.common.BitMatrix; import javax.imageio.ImageIO; import java.io.File; import java.io.OutputStream; import java.io.IOException; import java.awt.image.BufferedImage; public final class MatrixToImageWriter { private static final int BLACK = 0xFF000000; private static final int WHITE = 0xFFFFFFFF; private MatrixToImageWriter() {} public static BufferedImage toBufferedImage(BitMatrix matrix) { int width = matrix.getWidth(); int height = matrix.getHeight(); BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(width, height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB); for (int x = 0; x < width; x++) { for (int y = 0; y < height; y++) { image.setRGB(x, y, matrix.get(x, y) ? BLACK : WHITE); } } return image; } public static void writeToFile(BitMatrix matrix, String format, File file) throws IOException { BufferedImage image = toBufferedImage(matrix); if (!ImageIO.write(image, format, file)) { throw new IOException("Could not write an image of format " + format + " to " + file); } } public static void writeToStream(BitMatrix matrix, String format, OutputStream stream) throws IOException { BufferedImage image = toBufferedImage(matrix); if (!ImageIO.write(image, format, stream)) { throw new IOException("Could not write an image of format " + format); } } } import com.google.zxing.common.BitMatrix; import javax.imageio.ImageIO; import java.io.File; import java.io.OutputStream; import java.io.IOException; import java.awt.image.BufferedImage; public final class MatrixToImageWriter { private static final int BLACK = 0xFF000000; private static final int WHITE = 0xFFFFFFFF; private MatrixToImageWriter() {} public static BufferedImage toBufferedImage(BitMatrix matrix) { int width = matrix.getWidth(); int height = matrix.getHeight(); BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(width, height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB); for (int x = 0; x < width; x++) { for (int y = 0; y < height; y++) { image.setRGB(x, y, matrix.get(x, y) ? BLACK : WHITE); } } return image; } public static void writeToFile(BitMatrix matrix, String format, File file) throws IOException { BufferedImage image = toBufferedImage(matrix); if (!ImageIO.write(image, format, file)) { throw new IOException("Could not write an image of format " + format + " to " + file); } } public static void writeToStream(BitMatrix matrix, String format, OutputStream stream) throws IOException { BufferedImage image = toBufferedImage(matrix); if (!ImageIO.write(image, format, stream)) { throw new IOException("Could not write an image of format " + format); } } }1.3 编写生成二维码的实现代码 //www.hake.cc [java] view plaincopyprint?import java.io.File; import java.util.Hashtable; import com.google.zxing.BarcodeFormat; import com.google.zxing.EncodeHintType; import com.google.zxing.MultiFormatWriter; import com.google.zxing.common.BitMatrix; public class TestEncode { public static void main(String []args)throws Exception{ String text = "你好"; int width = 100; int height = 100; String format = "png"; Hashtable hints= new Hashtable(); hints.put(EncodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, "UTF-8"); BitMatrix bitMatrix = new MultiFormatWriter().encode(text, BarcodeFormat.QR_CODE, width, height,hints); File outputFile = new File("d://new.png"); MatrixToImageWriter.writeToFile(bitMatrix, format, outputFile); } } import java.io.File; import java.util.Hashtable; import com.google.zxing.BarcodeFormat; import com.google.zxing.EncodeHintType; import com.google.zxing.MultiFormatWriter; import com.google.zxing.common.BitMatrix; public class TestEncode { public static void main(String []args)throws Exception{ String text = "你好"; int width = 100; int height = 100; String format = "png"; Hashtable hints= new Hashtable(); hints.put(EncodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, "UTF-8"); BitMatrix bitMatrix = new MultiFormatWriter().encode(text, BarcodeFormat.QR_CODE, width, height,hints); File outputFile = new File("d://new.png"); MatrixToImageWriter.writeToFile(bitMatrix, format, outputFile); } }现在运行后即可生成一张二维码图片,是不是很简单啊? 接下来我们看看如何解析二维码 2、二维码的解析   2.1 将core.jar 包加入到classpath下。     2.2 和生成一样,我们需要一个辅助类( BufferedImageLuminanceSource),同样该类Google也提供了,这里我同样将该类的源码贴出来,可以直接拷贝使用个,省去查找的麻烦 [java] view plaincopyprint?import com.google.zxing.LuminanceSource; import java.awt.Graphics2D; import java.awt.geom.AffineTransform; import java.awt.image.BufferedImage; public final class BufferedImageLuminanceSource extends LuminanceSource { private final BufferedImage image; private final int left; private final int top; public BufferedImageLuminanceSource(BufferedImage image) { this(image, 0, 0, image.getWidth(), image.getHeight()); } public BufferedImageLuminanceSource(BufferedImage image, int left, int top, int width, int height) { super(width, height); int sourceWidth = image.getWidth(); int sourceHeight = image.getHeight(); if (left + width > sourceWidth || top + height > sourceHeight) { throw new IllegalArgumentException("Crop rectangle does not fit within image data."); } for (int y = top; y < top + height; y++) { for (int x = left; x < left + width; x++) { if ((image.getRGB(x, y) & 0xFF000000) == 0) { image.setRGB(x, y, 0xFFFFFFFF); // = white } } } this.image = new BufferedImage(sourceWidth, sourceHeight, BufferedImage.TYPE_BYTE_GRAY); this.image.getGraphics().drawImage(image, 0, 0, null); this.left = left; this.top = top; } @Override public byte[] getRow(int y, byte[] row) { if (y < 0 || y >= getHeight()) { throw new IllegalArgumentException("Requested row is outside the image: " + y); } int width = getWidth(); if (row == null || row.length < width) { row = new byte[width]; } image.getRaster().getDataElements(left, top + y, width, 1, row); return row; } @Override public byte[] getMatrix() { int width = getWidth(); int height = getHeight(); int area = width * height; byte[] matrix = new byte[area]; image.getRaster().getDataElements(left, top, width, height, matrix); return matrix; } @Override public boolean isCropSupported() { return true; } @Override public LuminanceSource crop(int left, int top, int width, int height) { return new BufferedImageLuminanceSource(image, this.left + left, this.top + top, width, height); } @Override public boolean isRotateSupported() { return true; } @Override public LuminanceSource rotateCounterClockwise() { int sourceWidth = image.getWidth(); int sourceHeight = image.getHeight(); AffineTransform transform = new AffineTransform(0.0, -1.0, 1.0, 0.0, 0.0, sourceWidth); BufferedImage rotatedImage = new BufferedImage(sourceHeight, sourceWidth, BufferedImage.TYPE_BYTE_GRAY); Graphics2D g = rotatedImage.createGraphics(); g.drawImage(image, transform, null); g.dispose(); int width = getWidth(); return new BufferedImageLuminanceSource(rotatedImage, top, sourceWidth - (left + width), getHeight(), width); } } import com.google.zxing.LuminanceSource; import java.awt.Graphics2D; import java.awt.geom.AffineTransform; import java.awt.image.BufferedImage; public final class BufferedImageLuminanceSource extends LuminanceSource { private final BufferedImage image; private final int left; private final int top; public BufferedImageLuminanceSource(BufferedImage image) { this(image, 0, 0, image.getWidth(), image.getHeight()); } public BufferedImageLuminanceSource(BufferedImage image, int left, int top, int width, int height) { super(width, height); int sourceWidth = image.getWidth(); int sourceHeight = image.getHeight(); if (left + width > sourceWidth || top + height > sourceHeight) { throw new IllegalArgumentException("Crop rectangle does not fit within image data."); } for (int y = top; y < top + height; y++) { for (int x = left; x < left + width; x++) { if ((image.getRGB(x, y) & 0xFF000000) == 0) { image.setRGB(x, y, 0xFFFFFFFF); // = white } } } this.image = new BufferedImage(sourceWidth, sourceHeight, BufferedImage.TYPE_BYTE_GRAY); this.image.getGraphics().drawImage(image, 0, 0, null); this.left = left; this.top = top; } @Override public byte[] getRow(int y, byte[] row) { if (y < 0 || y >= getHeight()) { throw new IllegalArgumentException("Requested row is outside the image: " + y); } int width = getWidth(); if (row == null || row.length < width) { row = new byte[width]; } image.getRaster().getDataElements(left, top + y, width, 1, row); return row; } @Override public byte[] getMatrix() { int width = getWidth(); int height = getHeight(); int area = width * height; byte[] matrix = new byte[area]; image.getRaster().getDataElements(left, top, width, height, matrix); return matrix; } @Override public boolean isCropSupported() { return true; } @Override public LuminanceSource crop(int left, int top, int width, int height) { return new BufferedImageLuminanceSource(image, this.left + left, this.top + top, width, height); } @Override public boolean isRotateSupported() { return true; } @Override public LuminanceSource rotateCounterClockwise() { int sourceWidth = image.getWidth(); int sourceHeight = image.getHeight(); AffineTransform transform = new AffineTransform(0.0, -1.0, 1.0, 0.0, 0.0, sourceWidth); BufferedImage rotatedImage = new BufferedImage(sourceHeight, sourceWidth, BufferedImage.TYPE_BYTE_GRAY); Graphics2D g = rotatedImage.createGraphics(); g.drawImage(image, transform, null); g.dispose(); int width = getWidth(); return new BufferedImageLuminanceSource(rotatedImage, top, sourceWidth - (left + width), getHeight(), width); } } 2.3 编写解析二维码的实现代码 [java] view plaincopyprint?import java.awt.image.BufferedImage; import java.io.File; import java.util.HashMap; import java.util.Map; import javax.imageio.ImageIO; import com.google.zxing.Binarizer; import com.google.zxing.BinaryBitmap; import com.google.zxing.EncodeHintType; import com.google.zxing.LuminanceSource; import com.google.zxing.MultiFormatReader; import com.google.zxing.Result; import com.google.zxing.common.HybridBinarizer; public class TestDecode { public static void main(String[] args) { try { MultiFormatReader formatReader = new MultiFormatReader(); String filePath = "d://new.png"; File file = new File(filePath); BufferedImage image = ImageIO.read(file);; LuminanceSource source = new BufferedImageLuminanceSource(image); Binarizer binarizer = new HybridBinarizer(source); BinaryBitmap binaryBitmap = new BinaryBitmap(binarizer); Map hints = new HashMap(); hints.put(EncodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, "UTF-8"); Result result = formatReader.decode(binaryBitmap,hints); System.out.println("result = "+ result.toString()); System.out.println("resultFormat = "+ result.getBarcodeFormat()); System.out.println("resultText = "+ result.getText()); } catch (Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } } } 文章来自:哈客部落详文参考:http://www.hake.cc/a/biancheng/ruanjian/java/2012/0905/82116.html

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