java验证码代码

openmiao 贡献于2012-06-19

作者 JamEs  创建于2010-10-13 03:00:00   修改者JamEs  修改于2010-10-13 03:18:00字数6658

文档摘要:java验证码代码
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java验证码代码(转) 产生图片servlet import java.awt.Color; import java.awt.Font; import java.awt.Graphics2D; import java.awt.image.BufferedImage; import java.util.Random; import javax.imageio.ImageIO; import javax.servlet.ServletException; import javax.servlet.ServletOutputStream; import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet; import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest; import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse; import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession; /** * Package name : com.skcc.sample.action File name : VerifyCodeServlet.java * Author : Administrator Date : 2008-9-4 Description : VerifyCodeServlet */ public class VerifyCodeServlet extends HttpServlet { /** * */ private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L; /** * 验证码图片的宽度。 */ private int width = 60; /** * 验证码图片的高度。 */ private int height = 20; /** * 验证码字符个数 */ private int codeCount = 4; /** * xx */ private int xx = 0; /** * 字体高度 */ private int fontHeight; /** * codeY */ private int codeY; /** * codeSequence */ char[] codeSequence = { 'A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F', 'G', 'H', 'I', 'J', 'K', 'L', 'M', 'N', 'O', 'P', 'Q', 'R', 'S', 'T', 'U', 'V', 'W', 'X', 'Y', 'Z', '0', '1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7', '8', '9' }; /** * 初始化验证图片属性 */ public void init() throws ServletException { // 从web.xml中获取初始信息 // 宽度 String strWidth = this.getInitParameter("width"); // 高度 String strHeight = this.getInitParameter("height"); // 字符个数 String strCodeCount = this.getInitParameter("codeCount"); // 将配置的信息转换成数值 try { if (strWidth != null && strWidth.length() != 0) { width = Integer.parseInt(strWidth); } if (strHeight != null && strHeight.length() != 0) { height = Integer.parseInt(strHeight); } if (strCodeCount != null && strCodeCount.length() != 0) { codeCount = Integer.parseInt(strCodeCount); } } catch (NumberFormatException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } xx = width / (codeCount + 1); fontHeight = height - 2; codeY = height - 4; } /** * @param req * @param resp * @throws ServletException * @throws java.io.IOException */ protected void service(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) throws ServletException, java.io.IOException { // 定义图像buffer BufferedImage buffImg = new BufferedImage(width, height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB); Graphics2D gd = buffImg.createGraphics(); // 创建一个随机数生成器类 Random random = new Random(); // 将图像填充为白色 gd.setColor(Color.WHITE); gd.fillRect(0, 0, width, height); // 创建字体,字体的大小应该根据图片的高度来定。 Font font = new Font("Fixedsys", Font.PLAIN, fontHeight); // 设置字体。 gd.setFont(font); // 画边框。 gd.setColor(Color.BLACK); gd.drawRect(0, 0, width - 1, height - 1); // 随机产生160条干扰线,使图象中的认证码不易被其它程序探测到。 gd.setColor(Color.BLACK); for (int i = 0; i < 160; i++) { int x = random.nextInt(width); int y = random.nextInt(height); int xl = random.nextInt(12); int yl = random.nextInt(12); gd.drawLine(x, y, x + xl, y + yl); } // randomCode用于保存随机产生的验证码,以便用户登录后进行验证。 StringBuffer randomCode = new StringBuffer(); int red = 0, green = 0, blue = 0; // 随机产生codeCount数字的验证码。 for (int i = 0; i < codeCount; i++) { // 得到随机产生的验证码数字。 String strRand = String.valueOf(codeSequence[random.nextInt(36)]); // 产生随机的颜色分量来构造颜色值,这样输出的每位数字的颜色值都将不同。 red = random.nextInt(255); green = random.nextInt(255); blue = random.nextInt(255); // 用随机产生的颜色将验证码绘制到图像中。 gd.setColor(new Color(red, green, blue)); gd.drawString(strRand, (i + 1) * xx, codeY); // 将产生的四个随机数组合在一起。 randomCode.append(strRand); } // 将四位数字的验证码保存到Session中。 HttpSession session = req.getSession(); session.setAttribute("validateCode", randomCode.toString()); // 禁止图像缓存。 resp.setHeader("Pragma", "no-cache"); resp.setHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache"); resp.setDateHeader("Expires", 0); resp.setContentType("image/jpeg"); // 将图像输出到Servlet输出流中。 ServletOutputStream sos = resp.getOutputStream(); ImageIO.write(buffImg, "jpeg", sos); sos.close(); } } 产生结果servlet import java.io.IOException; import java.io.PrintWriter; import javax.servlet.ServletException; import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet; import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest; import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse; /** * Package name : com.skcc.sample.action File name : ResultServlet.java Author : * Administrator Date : 2008-9-4 Description : ResultServlet */ public class ResultServlet extends HttpServlet { /** * */ private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L; /** * The doGet method of the servlet.
* * This method is called when a form has its tag value method equals to get. * * @param request * the request send by the client to the server * @param response * the response send by the server to the client * @throws ServletException * if an error occurred * @throws IOException * if an error occurred */ public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException { doPost(request, response); } /** * The doPost method of the servlet.
* * This method is called when a form has its tag value method equals to * post. * * @param request * the request send by the client to the server * @param response * the response send by the server to the client * @throws ServletException * if an error occurred * @throws IOException * if an error occurred */ public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException { response.setContentType("text/html;charset=utf-8"); String validateC = (String) request.getSession().getAttribute( "validateCode"); String veryCode = request.getParameter("veryCode"); PrintWriter out = response.getWriter(); if (veryCode == null || "".equals(veryCode)) { out.println("验证码为空"); } else { if (validateC.equals(veryCode)) { out.println("验证码正确"); } else { out.println("验证码错误"); } } out.flush(); out.close(); } } js文件 function changeImg() { var imgSrc = $("#imgObj"); var src = imgSrc.attr("src"); imgSrc.attr("src", chgUrl(src)); } //时间戳 //为了使每次生成图片不一致,即不让浏览器读缓存,所以需要加上时间戳 function chgUrl(url) { var timestamp = (new Date()).valueOf(); url = url.substring(0, 17); if ((url.indexOf("&") >= 0)) { url = url + "¡Átamp=" + timestamp; } else { url = url + "?timestamp=" + timestamp; } return url; } function isRightCode() { var code = $("#veryCode").attr("value"); code = "c=" + code; $.ajax( { type : "POST", url : "resultServlet", data : code, success : callback }); } function callback(data) { $("#info").html(data); }  页面verifyCode.jsp <%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%> test verify code 换一张
最后记得配好web.xml VerifyCodeServlet com.sample.action.VerifyCodeServlet ResultServlet com.sample.action.ResultServlet VerifyCodeServlet /verifyCodeServlet ResultServlet /resultServlet 转自:http://blog.csdn.net/cuilupeng999/archive/2008/09/04/2880514.aspx

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